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Article

REDD+ Conflict: Understanding the Pathways between Forest Projects and Social Conflict

1
Peace Academy Rhineland-Palatinate, University of Koblenz-Landau, 76829 Landau, Germany
2
Institute for Environmental Sciences, Landuse Conflicts, University of Koblenz-Landau, 76829 Landau, Germany
3
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Juan F. Fernández-Manjarrés and Roxane Sansilvestri
Forests 2021, 12(6), 748; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060748
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 31 May 2021 / Accepted: 2 June 2021 / Published: 5 June 2021
A growing body of literature analyses the conflict implications of REDD+ (Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries). However, the way these conflicts unfold is little understood. We address this research gap through the following question: What are the pathways that connect REDD+ projects and conflicts between local communities and other actors? We review 242 scientific articles, selecting eight that allow us to trace how the conflict pathways unfolded. We draw on a political ecology perspective and conceptualize ‘conflict pathway’ as an interaction of key events and drivers leading to conflict. We find six main conflict drivers: (1) injustices and restrictions over (full) access and control of forest resources; (2) creation of new forest governance structures that change relationships between stakeholders and the forest; (3) exclusion of community members from comprehensive project participation; (4) high project expectations that are not met; (5) changes in land tenure policy due to migrants, and (6) the aggravation of historic land tenure conflicts. Evictions from forests, acts of violence, and lawsuits are among the events contributing to the conflict pathways. To prevent them, the rights, livelihoods, and benefits of local communities need to be placed at the centre of the REDD+ projects. View Full-Text
Keywords: REDD+; conflict; forests; land tenure; political ecology REDD+; conflict; forests; land tenure; political ecology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alusiola, R.A.; Schilling, J.; Klär, P. REDD+ Conflict: Understanding the Pathways between Forest Projects and Social Conflict. Forests 2021, 12, 748. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060748

AMA Style

Alusiola RA, Schilling J, Klär P. REDD+ Conflict: Understanding the Pathways between Forest Projects and Social Conflict. Forests. 2021; 12(6):748. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060748

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alusiola, Rowan Alumasa, Janpeter Schilling, and Paul Klär. 2021. "REDD+ Conflict: Understanding the Pathways between Forest Projects and Social Conflict" Forests 12, no. 6: 748. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060748

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