Next Article in Journal
Predicting Aggregate Degradation in Forest Roads in Northwest Oregon
Previous Article in Journal
Frugivory by Coyotes Decreases the Time to Germination and Increases the Growth of Netleaf Hackberry (Celtis reticulata) Seedlings
Open AccessArticle

Landscape Preference for Trees Outside Forests along an Urban–Rural–Natural Gradient

1
Dipartimento di Bioscienze e Territorio, Università degli Studi del Molise, c. da Fonte Lappone, 86090 Pesche (IS), Italy
2
Centro di Ricerca per le Aree Interne e gli Appennini (ArIA), Università degli Studi del Molise, Via F. De Sanctis—snc, 86100 Campobasso (CB), Italy
3
Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, Università degli Studi di Padova, Viale dell’Università 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2020, 11(7), 728; https://doi.org/10.3390/f11070728
Received: 31 May 2020 / Revised: 30 June 2020 / Accepted: 1 July 2020 / Published: 3 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Forest Inventory, Modeling and Remote Sensing)
In densely populated areas, essential sources of ecosystem services are represented by green infrastructure, which includes trees outside forests (TOF) that, regardless of their cover extension, are found on agricultural or urban land. This research aims to assess landscape preference for TOF along an urban-rural-natural gradient in relation to different levels of landscape heterogeneity. Analyses are based on the integration of a visual choice experiment (360 respondents) with a GIS-based landscape analysis at regional scale in a Mediterranean region in Central Italy. Main findings revealed that correlation between landscape preference and heterogeneity varies along the urban–rural–natural gradient and on the basis of the spatial configuration of the surrounding landscape. The additional value of TOF to landscape preference is closely and positively linked to the degree of landscape anthropization. Conversely, TOF contribution to landscape preference resulted negative in natural landscapes where they can be perceived as a disturbance of the wilderness. Considering the influence that landscape preference plays on cultural ecosystem services provisioning and, in turn, on decision making processes, our results can support landscape policy and planning in fostering or hampering TOF diffusion depending on the different territorial contexts. These findings endorse the importance of multi-functional approaches in future-oriented strategies, which should mediate between the human preference for TOF, their ecological role and the provision of other services. View Full-Text
Keywords: green infrastructures; visual choice experiment; landscape metrics; landscape pattern green infrastructures; visual choice experiment; landscape metrics; landscape pattern
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Di Cristofaro, M.; Sallustio, L.; Sitzia, T.; Marchetti, M.; Lasserre, B. Landscape Preference for Trees Outside Forests along an Urban–Rural–Natural Gradient. Forests 2020, 11, 728. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11070728

AMA Style

Di Cristofaro M, Sallustio L, Sitzia T, Marchetti M, Lasserre B. Landscape Preference for Trees Outside Forests along an Urban–Rural–Natural Gradient. Forests. 2020; 11(7):728. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11070728

Chicago/Turabian Style

Di Cristofaro, Marco; Sallustio, Lorenzo; Sitzia, Tommaso; Marchetti, Marco; Lasserre, Bruno. 2020. "Landscape Preference for Trees Outside Forests along an Urban–Rural–Natural Gradient" Forests 11, no. 7: 728. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11070728

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop