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Open AccessArticle

A Mathematical Model for the Integrated Optimization of Harvest and Transport Scheduling of Forest Products

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Federal Institute of Santa Catarina, Campus Joinville, R. Pavão 1377, 89220-618 Joinville, Brazil
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Department of Mathematics, Federal University of Paraná, ACF Centro Politécnico, Av. Cel. Francisco H. dos Santos 100, 81531-980 Curitiba, Brazil
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Department of Forest Sciences, Federal University of Paraná, Campus Jardim Botânico, Av. Lothário Meissner 632, 80210-170 Curitiba, Brazil
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Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Freiburg, Tennenbacherstr 4, 79106 Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(12), 1110; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10121110
Received: 6 October 2019 / Revised: 26 November 2019 / Accepted: 28 November 2019 / Published: 4 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Forest Inventory, Quantitative Methods and Remote Sensing)
The costs related to forest harvesting and wood transport are key to the economic viability of forest investments. These operations compose a major share of the total cost of wood production and thus need to be conducted in an efficient manner. In this paper, we propose a novel optimization model to tackle this issue and perform the daily and weekly plan of harvesting operations, in order to minimize the costs related to the machinery operation, movement, and wood transportation, subject to demand constraints. Our results show that transportation costs dominate the total cost of these operations. The model proposed is appropriate and can be effectively applied to optimize the operational planning of harvesting activities. Nevertheless, instances with a large number of stands may lead to a substantial increase in the complexity and computational burden. We conclude that operations research techniques can provide a solid basis for decision-making in harvest scheduling problems and increase the efficiency of forest management.
Keywords: operational forest planning; forestry transportation; forestry economics; forest harvesting operational forest planning; forestry transportation; forestry economics; forest harvesting
MDPI and ACS Style

Santos, P.A.V.H.; Silva, A.C.L.; Arce, J.E.; Augustynczik, A.L.D. A Mathematical Model for the Integrated Optimization of Harvest and Transport Scheduling of Forest Products. Forests 2019, 10, 1110.

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