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University Endowment Committees, Modern Portfolio Theory and Performance
Article

Factor-Based Optimization of a Fundamentally-Weighted Portfolio in the Illiquid and Undeveloped Stock Market

Faculty of Economic and Business, University of Zagreb, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
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J. Risk Financial Manag. 2020, 13(12), 302; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm13120302
Received: 19 November 2020 / Revised: 25 November 2020 / Accepted: 27 November 2020 / Published: 1 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modern Portfolio Theory)
In this paper, the possibility of using fundamental weighting as a tool to intentionally tilt a portfolio toward specific and unobservable risk factors in the illiquid and undeveloped Croatian stock market is explored. Thus far, fundamental-weighting has been shown to be able to outperform the cap-weighted index in such environments but no attempt regarding control for implicit factor exposure of such portfolios has been reported. Therefore, in this study principal component analysis is performed to capture the underlying risk factors of the fundamentally-weighted portfolio in order to optimize the portfolio’s performance by minimizing its volatility. Previous attempts focusing purely on portfolio risk reduction by estimating minimum variance portfolios failed both from an in-sample and out-of-sample perspective. Results in this study are based on 22 in-sample and out-of-sample tests in the period from March 2009 till March 2020. On the in-sample estimation basis, the proposed approach significantly improves the portfolio’s performance and, if restrictions to weights are imposed, it can outperform the cap-weighted benchmark. However, out-of-sample testing yielded poor results both in terms of risk and return. Such results are in contrast to findings for the developed markets but corroborate the claim that a broad investment base is needed for successful risk exposure in the long run. View Full-Text
Keywords: efficient portfolio estimation; factor tilting strategy; minimum variance optimization; smart beta; asset management efficient portfolio estimation; factor tilting strategy; minimum variance optimization; smart beta; asset management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zoričić, D.; Dolinar, D.; Golubić, Z.L. Factor-Based Optimization of a Fundamentally-Weighted Portfolio in the Illiquid and Undeveloped Stock Market. J. Risk Financial Manag. 2020, 13, 302. https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm13120302

AMA Style

Zoričić D, Dolinar D, Golubić ZL. Factor-Based Optimization of a Fundamentally-Weighted Portfolio in the Illiquid and Undeveloped Stock Market. Journal of Risk and Financial Management. 2020; 13(12):302. https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm13120302

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zoričić, Davor, Denis Dolinar, and Zrinka L. Golubić 2020. "Factor-Based Optimization of a Fundamentally-Weighted Portfolio in the Illiquid and Undeveloped Stock Market" Journal of Risk and Financial Management 13, no. 12: 302. https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm13120302

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