Next Article in Journal
Extrinsic Tooth Enamel Color Changes and Their Relationship with the Quality of Water Consumed
Previous Article in Journal
Prevalence and Risk Factors for Poor Nutritional Status among Children in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(10), 3519-3529;

Self-Medication Practices with Antibiotics among Tertiary Level Students in Accra, Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study

Department of Microbiology, University of Ghana Medical School, Accra, Ghana
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Accra Polytechnic, P.O. Box GP 561, Accra, Ghana
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 March 2012 / Revised: 10 July 2012 / Accepted: 27 July 2012 / Published: 5 October 2012
Full-Text   |   PDF [111 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |  


The study was carried out to estimate the prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics among tertiary level students in Accra (Ghana) and evaluate factors associated with the practice. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study and involved face-to-face interviews of 600 respondents selected by convenient sampling. Prevalence of self medication was 70% (95% CI: 66.3–73.7), and the practice was significantly lower among medically inclined students (OR: 0.2, 95% CI: 0.1–0.4, p < 0.001). Among the respondents who practiced self medication, the most common frequency of antibiotic usage was at intervals of one month (30%, 95% CI: 25.6–34.4%), and the most common antibiotic used was amoxacillin (23.9%, 95% CI: 21.0–26.8%). Treatment failure were reported by 35% (95% CI: 30.5–39.6%) of the respondents, and the main reasons cited for self medication were that, it was less expensive compared to medical care in the hospital and secondly, medical care in hospitals were associated with long delays. Forty nine percent (95% CI: 44.2–53.8%) of the respondents had poor knowledge about the health implications of irrational use of antibiotics, and 46% (95% CI: 41.2–50.8%) did not comply with the completion of the full course of antibiotics. Self medication among tertiary students in Accra is an important public health problem and this may reflect the situation among tertiary students in the whole of Ghana. View Full-Text
Keywords: self medication; antibiotics; Ghana self medication; antibiotics; Ghana

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Donkor, E.S.; Tetteh-Quarcoo, P.B.; Nartey, P.; Agyeman, I.O. Self-Medication Practices with Antibiotics among Tertiary Level Students in Accra, Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3519-3529.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top