Next Article in Journal
Arsenic in Surface Soils Affected by Mining and Metallurgical Processing in K. Mitrovica Region, Kosovo
Next Article in Special Issue
Playing It Safe: Assessing Cumulative Impact and Social Vulnerability through an Environmental Justice Screening Method in the South Coast Air Basin, California
Previous Article in Journal
Liquid-Diet with Alcohol Alters Maternal, Fetal and Placental Weights and the Expression of Molecules Involved in Integrin Signaling in the Fetal Cerebral Cortex
Open AccessReview

The Role of Cumulative Risk Assessment in Decisions about Environmental Justice

1
Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics, and Environmental Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health, Brownsville Regional Campus, 80 Fort Brown, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA
2
Institute for Health Policy, University of Texas School of Public Health, 1200 Herman zressler, Houston, TX 77030, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(11), 4037-4049; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph7114037
Received: 15 October 2010 / Revised: 29 October 2010 / Accepted: 17 November 2010 / Published: 18 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Environmental Justice)
There is strong presumptive evidence that people living in poverty and certain racial and ethnic groups bear a disproportionate burden of environmental health risk. Many have argued that conducting formal assessments of the health risk experienced by affected communities is both unnecessary and counterproductive—that instead of analyzing the situation our efforts should be devoted to fixing obvious problems and rectifying observable wrongs. We contend that formal assessment of cumulative health risks from combined effects of chemical and nonchemical stressors is a valuable tool to aid decision makers in choosing risk management options that are effective, efficient, and equitable. If used properly, cumulative risk assessment need not impair decision makers’ discretion, nor should it be used as an excuse for doing nothing in the face of evident harm. Good policy decisions require more than good intentions; they necessitate analysis of risk-related information along with careful consideration of economic issues, ethical and moral principles, legal precedents, political realities, cultural beliefs, societal values, and bureaucratic impediments. Cumulative risk assessment can provide a systematic and impartial means for informing policy decisions about environmental justice. View Full-Text
Keywords: cumulative risk assessment; environmental justice; health disparities; risk assessment; susceptible groups; vulnerable populations cumulative risk assessment; environmental justice; health disparities; risk assessment; susceptible groups; vulnerable populations
MDPI and ACS Style

Sexton, K.; Linder, S.H. The Role of Cumulative Risk Assessment in Decisions about Environmental Justice. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 4037-4049.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop