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Article

Parenting Stress and Parenting Efficacy of Parents Having Children with Disabilities in China: The Role of Social Support

by 1, 2, 3,* and 4,*
1
School of Special Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
School of Education, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100091, China
3
Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
4
Alum Rock Union School District, San Jose, CA 95127, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(3), 2133; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032133
Received: 21 December 2022 / Revised: 12 January 2023 / Accepted: 16 January 2023 / Published: 24 January 2023

Abstract

Raising children with disabilities is challenging for parents, who experience high parenting stress. The study aimed to understand the status quo of parenting efficacy of parents having children with disabilities and to analyze the association between parent efficacy, parenting stress, and social support in China. We surveyed 373 parents having children with disabilities enrolled in special education schools or rehabilitation institutions from 14 provinces in China. The online questionnaire including Parental Stress Index-Short Form, the Child Adjustment and Parent Efficacy Scale-Developmental Disability (CAPES-DD), and Social Support Scale was applied in the study. The results suggested that parenting efficacy of parents having children with disabilities in China was at the medium level. Parenting stress, social support, and parenting efficacy were significantly related with each other, and social support played a mediating role between parenting stress and parenting efficacy. The findings indicated that reducing parenting stress and improving social support might improve parenting efficacy. We also discussed the implications of providing intervention strategies or social support to improve parenting efficacy for parents with disabled children in China.
Keywords: parenting stress; parenting efficacy; social support; disabled children parenting stress; parenting efficacy; social support; disabled children

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fu, W.; Li, R.; Zhang, Y.; Huang, K. Parenting Stress and Parenting Efficacy of Parents Having Children with Disabilities in China: The Role of Social Support. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20, 2133. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032133

AMA Style

Fu W, Li R, Zhang Y, Huang K. Parenting Stress and Parenting Efficacy of Parents Having Children with Disabilities in China: The Role of Social Support. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2023; 20(3):2133. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032133

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fu, Wangqian, Rui Li, Yaqian Zhang, and Ke Huang. 2023. "Parenting Stress and Parenting Efficacy of Parents Having Children with Disabilities in China: The Role of Social Support" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 20, no. 3: 2133. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032133

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