The Relationship between Wellbeing, Self-Determination, and Resettlement Stress for Asylum-Seeking Mothers Attending an Ecosocial Community-Based Intervention: A Mixed-Methods Study
1.2. Self-Efficacy and Basic Psychological Needs Theory
1.2.2. Basic Psychological Needs Theory
1.3. Adaptive Stress
1.4. Community-Based Psychosocial Support
1.5. Research Objectives
2.1. Study Design and Sample
2.3. Data Analysis
3.1. Quantitative Results
3.2. Qualitative Results
3.3. Community and Relatedness
3.3.1. Bonding with Other Asylum Seekers
When I speak up, she says I feel what you feel. [….] It’s necessary for people like us who don’t know anybody […] to meet people who are in the same situation as you.
3.3.2. Connection with Service Providers
People I didn’t know approached me, it’s wonderful to feel that wow, I have people around me. I’m not alone. People who are going to make it easier for me to fit in, I’m not just another commodity, just another object. One more workforce. I am a person who is considered.
3.4. Competence and Empowerment
Wrong information made [claimants think] there is no door open for me […] in this country [… and] they got depressed [that] way. […. So having access to] information gives me the strength that I’m not alone, there is a supporter.
[This activity] allowed me to shed the weight that I’ve been carrying since [my country of origin] [because] it forced me in a conscious way to let [my pre-migration experience] stay in the past, and to then be equipped to start my life here in Canada with a clear idea of where I want to go.
3.5. Enhanced Wellbeing
You find a person who comes to dance in front of you with full of energy. You’ll ask yourself: Can I dance too? And that’s when you realize that yes, there are moments in life where you can tolerate. […] You don’t just have to cry. You can let go.
[The workshop] takes my mind off the current reality a little bit, I forget about the woman [crying] on the floor and I think about something else […] This is the only place where I smile.
You are tied in a house, no activities, […] you don’t do anything. So when I [was] at home the next day [after the workshop], I put some music, I try moving my body. […] I feel relief. I feel happy [and] I check my blood pressure, it was normal. So like, I see it is my stress. Whenever I’m working since that day, like if I want to clean up my apartment or trying to settle some things, I just put on the music.
4.1. Need Satisfaction as Predictor of Wellbeing
4.2. Frequent Program Attendance May Enhance Wellbeing
4.3. Mediating Effect of Adaptive Stress
4.4. Qualitative Findings
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Name||Items||Likert Scale||Cronbach’s Alpha|
|Satisfaction With Life Scale (shortened)||7-point Likert scale: (1) “not at all true” to (7) “very true”||0.75|
|Mood Report||7-point Likert scale: (1) “not at all” to (7) “extremely”||0.88|
|Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction Scale (shortened)||4-point Likert scale: (1) “not at all” to (4) “extremely”||0.87|
|General Self-Efficacy Scale (shortened)||4-point Likert scale: (1) “not at all true” to (4) “exactly true”||0.63|
|Adaptive Stress Index: Role and Identity; Existential Meaning.||4-point Likert scale: (1) “not at all” to (4) “extremely”||0.81|
|Sociodemographic Variable||n||% or M (SD)|
|Highest level of education|
|University and above||25||62.5%|
|6—Prefer not to answer||1||2.5%|
|No. of children|
Length of stay (months)
|Predictor||B||SE B||ß||t||p||VIF||ΔR2||Adj R2|
|Length of stay||−0.068||0.030||−0.507||−2.250||0.031||2.060|
|Length of stay||−0.054||0.029||−0.402||−1.838||0.075||2.159|
|Length of stay||−0.063||0.027||−0.473||−2.337||0.026||2.197|
|Predictor||B||SE B||ß||t||p||VIF||ΔR2||Adj R2|
|Length of stay||0.017||0.015||0.271||1.154||0.256||2.079|
|Length of stay||0.015||0.015||0.231||0.959||0.345||2.170|
|Length of stay||0.021||0.013||0.331||1.596||0.120||2.209|
|Participant Code||Region of Origin||Length of Resettlement (Months)||Marital Status||Number of Children||Education Level||Language|
|Rosine||Central Africa||5||Married *||2||Professional||French|
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Wu, Y.M.; Kreitewolf, J.; Kronick, R. The Relationship between Wellbeing, Self-Determination, and Resettlement Stress for Asylum-Seeking Mothers Attending an Ecosocial Community-Based Intervention: A Mixed-Methods Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20, 7076. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20227076
Wu YM, Kreitewolf J, Kronick R. The Relationship between Wellbeing, Self-Determination, and Resettlement Stress for Asylum-Seeking Mothers Attending an Ecosocial Community-Based Intervention: A Mixed-Methods Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2023; 20(22):7076. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20227076Chicago/Turabian Style
Wu, Yufei Mandy, Jens Kreitewolf, and Rachel Kronick. 2023. "The Relationship between Wellbeing, Self-Determination, and Resettlement Stress for Asylum-Seeking Mothers Attending an Ecosocial Community-Based Intervention: A Mixed-Methods Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 20, no. 22: 7076. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20227076