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Article

Impact of Fortified Infant Cereals on the Burden of Iron Deficiency Anemia in 6- to 23-Month-Old Indonesian Infants and Young Children: A Health Economic Simulation Model

1
Nestle Research, 1000 Lausanne, Switzerland
2
Indonesian Sport Nutritionist Association, Jakarta 10270, Indonesia
3
Center for Research and Development of Public Health Efforts, Ministry of Health, Jakarta 10560, Indonesia
4
Nestle Nutrition Institute Indonesia, Jakarta 12520, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tara Zolnikov
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(9), 5416; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095416
Received: 11 March 2022 / Revised: 14 April 2022 / Accepted: 20 April 2022 / Published: 29 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Primary Care and Global Community Health)
Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are highly prevalent among Indonesian infants and young children (IYC). Severe IDA hampers mental development in young children and is linked to lower quality of life and lower productivity as adults. The consumption of fortified infant cereals (FIC) increases iron intake during the weaning period, thus reducing the social burden of IDA. In this manuscript, we aimed to assess the impact of FIC on the burden of IDA on IYC in Indonesia. We analyzed data for IYC aged 6–23 months from the fifth wave (2014–2015) of the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) and the Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2017 (IDHS-17). We adapted a health economic simulation model to estimate the impact of FIC that accounted for lifetime health and cost consequences in terms of reduced future income and DALYs. The mean Hb level was 10.5 ± 1.4 g/dL. Consumers of FIC had a reduced burden of disease (43,000 DALYs; USD 171 million) compared with non-consumers. The consumption of fortified infant cereals plays an important role in reducing the burden of IDA, and it might complement the available strategy of nutritional interventions to address this problem in Indonesian IYC. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron deficiency anemia; fortified infant cereals; infants and young children; health economics iron deficiency anemia; fortified infant cereals; infants and young children; health economics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Prieto-Patron, A.; Detzel, P.; Ramayulis, R.; Sudikno; Irene; Wibowo, Y. Impact of Fortified Infant Cereals on the Burden of Iron Deficiency Anemia in 6- to 23-Month-Old Indonesian Infants and Young Children: A Health Economic Simulation Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 5416. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095416

AMA Style

Prieto-Patron A, Detzel P, Ramayulis R, Sudikno, Irene, Wibowo Y. Impact of Fortified Infant Cereals on the Burden of Iron Deficiency Anemia in 6- to 23-Month-Old Indonesian Infants and Young Children: A Health Economic Simulation Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(9):5416. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095416

Chicago/Turabian Style

Prieto-Patron, Alberto, Patrick Detzel, Rita Ramayulis, Sudikno, Irene, and Yulianti Wibowo. 2022. "Impact of Fortified Infant Cereals on the Burden of Iron Deficiency Anemia in 6- to 23-Month-Old Indonesian Infants and Young Children: A Health Economic Simulation Model" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 9: 5416. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095416

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