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Article

The Impacts of Housing Characteristics and Built-Environment Features on Mental Health

1
Institute of Space and Earth Information Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
2
Department of Geography and Resource Management, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
3
School of Architecture, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David Rojas
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(9), 5143; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095143
Received: 16 March 2022 / Revised: 15 April 2022 / Accepted: 20 April 2022 / Published: 23 April 2022
In this study, we examined the relationships between housing characteristics, neighborhood built-environment features, and people’s mental health in Hong Kong, an Asian city well known for its high-density and high-rise housing. The potential mediating effects of people’s perceived living environment were also considered in the analysis. We collected data from 221 participants from two communities in Hong Kong, i.e., Sham Shui Po (SSP) and Tin Shui Wai (TSW), using a stratified random sampling approach. Big datasets were also used to derive relevant built-environment features at the street block level. We used structural equation modeling to explore the complex relationships among housing characteristics, built-environment features, and mental health. The results indicate that the associations between built-environment quality and people’s mental health are weak. For communities with relatively poor housing conditions (i.e., SSP in this study), the impact of housing characteristics on mental health may be more direct; for communities with relatively good housing conditions (i.e., TSW in this study), the effect of housing characteristics on mental health may be indirect. Our findings shed light on the importance of considering different contexts in developing policies related to housing and built environment and mental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: housing characteristics; built environment; mental health; structural equation modeling housing characteristics; built environment; mental health; structural equation modeling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kan, Z.; Kwan, M.-P.; Ng, M.K.; Tieben, H. The Impacts of Housing Characteristics and Built-Environment Features on Mental Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 5143. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095143

AMA Style

Kan Z, Kwan M-P, Ng MK, Tieben H. The Impacts of Housing Characteristics and Built-Environment Features on Mental Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(9):5143. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095143

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kan, Zihan, Mei-Po Kwan, Mee Kam Ng, and Hendrik Tieben. 2022. "The Impacts of Housing Characteristics and Built-Environment Features on Mental Health" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 9: 5143. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095143

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