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Article

Single- and Multi-Joint Maximum Weight Lifting Relationship to Free-Fat Mass in Different Exercises for Upper- and Lower-Limbs in Well-Trained Male Young Adults

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Graduate Programme in Human Development and Technology, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Rio Claro 13506-900, Brazil
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Department of Physical Education, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Bauru 17033-360, Brazil
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School of Education, Polytechnic Institute of Setúbal, 2914-504 Setubal, Portugal
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Life Quality Research Centre, 2040-413 Rio Maior, Portugal
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Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, 1499-002 Lisbon, Portugal
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LFE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), 28040 Madrid, Spain
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MEFE—Metabolism and Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Faculty of Science, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Bauru 17033-360, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rafael Oliveira and João Paulo Brito
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(7), 4020; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19074020
Received: 19 February 2022 / Revised: 23 March 2022 / Accepted: 24 March 2022 / Published: 28 March 2022
This study aimed to analyze whether the relationship between regional and whole-body fat-free mass (FFM) and strength is related to FFM distribution and area according to limb involvement. Thirty well-trained male young adults underwent one-repetition maximum test (1RM) to assess the strength in arm curl (AC), bench press (BP), seated row (SR), leg press 45° (LP45), knee extension (KE), and leg curl (LC). Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to evaluate FFM. The values for 1RM in AC, BP, and R correlated to FFM in upper limb (R2 = 0.69, 0.84 and 0.75), without an effect of appendicular mass index (API) or area. For 1RM in KE, the correlation with FFM in lower limb increased with thigh area (R2 = 0.56), whereas 1RM in LC and LP45 correlation to whole-body FFM increased with API (R2 = 0.64 and 0.49). The upper limb’s FFM may be reliable for indexing the arms and upper trunk strengths, whereas the relationships between FFM and strength in lower limb improve as muscle mass and thigh area increases between subjects. View Full-Text
Keywords: muscle strength; resistance exercise; body composition; early adulthood muscle strength; resistance exercise; body composition; early adulthood
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MDPI and ACS Style

Massini, D.A.; Macedo, A.G.; Almeida, T.A.F.; Espada, M.C.; Santos, F.J.; Castro, E.A.; Ferreira, D.C.P.; Neiva, C.M.; Pessôa Filho, D.M. Single- and Multi-Joint Maximum Weight Lifting Relationship to Free-Fat Mass in Different Exercises for Upper- and Lower-Limbs in Well-Trained Male Young Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 4020. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19074020

AMA Style

Massini DA, Macedo AG, Almeida TAF, Espada MC, Santos FJ, Castro EA, Ferreira DCP, Neiva CM, Pessôa Filho DM. Single- and Multi-Joint Maximum Weight Lifting Relationship to Free-Fat Mass in Different Exercises for Upper- and Lower-Limbs in Well-Trained Male Young Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(7):4020. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19074020

Chicago/Turabian Style

Massini, Danilo A., Anderson G. Macedo, Tiago A. F. Almeida, Mário C. Espada, Fernando J. Santos, Eliane A. Castro, Daniel C. P. Ferreira, Cassiano M. Neiva, and Dalton M. Pessôa Filho. 2022. "Single- and Multi-Joint Maximum Weight Lifting Relationship to Free-Fat Mass in Different Exercises for Upper- and Lower-Limbs in Well-Trained Male Young Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 7: 4020. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19074020

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