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Article

Effects of Health Belief, Knowledge, and Attitude toward COVID-19 on Prevention Behavior in Health College Students

1
Department, College of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul 01795, Korea
2
VR Healthcare Content Lab, Sahmyook University, Seoul 01795, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(3), 1898; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031898
Received: 16 January 2022 / Revised: 4 February 2022 / Accepted: 5 February 2022 / Published: 8 February 2022
This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the practice of COVID-19 prevention behaviors among college students as future medical workers. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in September 2021. A total of 526 health college students were included in this study. A hierarchical regression analysis was performed to examine the effect on the practice of COVID-19 prevention behavior. As a result of the analysis, experiences of education on infectious diseases had significant positive effects on the practice of prevention behavior (β = 0.22, p < 0.001). Additionally, a higher COVID-19 health belief had a significant positive effect on the practice of prevention behavior (β = 0.15, p = 0.004). Increased smoking and drinking among lifestyle changes after COVID-19 had significant negative effects on the practice of prevention behavior compared with decreased physical activity (β = −0.12, p = 0.007). Based on these findings, the study discussed the importance of education on the prevention of infectious diseases among health college students, promotion of health beliefs related to infectious diseases, and formation of healthy lifestyle habits in daily life. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; knowledge; attitude; prevention; behavior; health belief model COVID-19; knowledge; attitude; prevention; behavior; health belief model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, H.-Y.; Shin, S.-H.; Lee, E.-H. Effects of Health Belief, Knowledge, and Attitude toward COVID-19 on Prevention Behavior in Health College Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1898. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031898

AMA Style

Kim H-Y, Shin S-H, Lee E-H. Effects of Health Belief, Knowledge, and Attitude toward COVID-19 on Prevention Behavior in Health College Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(3):1898. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031898

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Hyeon-Young, Sun-Hwa Shin, and Eun-Hye Lee. 2022. "Effects of Health Belief, Knowledge, and Attitude toward COVID-19 on Prevention Behavior in Health College Students" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 3: 1898. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031898

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