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Addressing the Social Determinants of Health in South Korea: Moderating Role of mHealth Technologies

Department of Mass Communication & Institute of Social Sciences, Incheon National University, 119 Academy-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 22012, Korea
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(3), 1871; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031871
Received: 24 December 2021 / Revised: 4 February 2022 / Accepted: 4 February 2022 / Published: 7 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Mobile health (mHealth) technologies may reduce or widen health inequalities. Despite the extensive literature in support of both of these contrasting views, little attention has been paid to the role of mHealth technologies with regard to social strata and health in the context of South Korea, a country with one of the highest usages of smartphones worldwide. This study examined the effects of social determinants on health self-efficacy and health status and explored how mHealth technologies moderate the impacts of social determinants on health outcomes. Data were collected via online surveys from 29 July to 3 August 2021. Survey data from 1187 Korean adults showed that men had higher levels of health self-efficacy than women. The higher an individual’s education level, the greater their subjective health status. Individuals with higher levels of monthly household income, social capital, and healthcare quality reported higher levels of health self-efficacy and superior health status. The use of mHealth technologies moderated the associations between social determinants and health outcomes. Specifically, monthly household income and social capital had smaller effects on health self-efficacy and health status among those who used higher levels of mHealth technologies. Among higher users of mHealth technologies, females reported better health status than males, while men showed better health status than women in the low-user group. These findings highlight the effectiveness of mHealth technologies in addressing health disparities. View Full-Text
Keywords: mHealth; mobile health technology; social determinants of health; health inequality; health self-efficacy; health status mHealth; mobile health technology; social determinants of health; health inequality; health self-efficacy; health status
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yoo, W. Addressing the Social Determinants of Health in South Korea: Moderating Role of mHealth Technologies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1871. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031871

AMA Style

Yoo W. Addressing the Social Determinants of Health in South Korea: Moderating Role of mHealth Technologies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(3):1871. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031871

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yoo, Woohyun. 2022. "Addressing the Social Determinants of Health in South Korea: Moderating Role of mHealth Technologies" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 3: 1871. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031871

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