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Review

Associations between the COVID-19 Pandemic and Hospital Infrastructure Adaptation and Planning—A Scoping Review

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Europubhealth, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-008 Krakow, Poland
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Health Economics and Social Security Department, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-008 Krakow, Poland
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Health Care Management, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-008 Krakow, Poland
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Association of Schools of Public Health in the European Region (ASPHER), 1150 Brussels, Belgium
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Comité Mondial Pour Les Apprentissages tout au Long de la vie (CMAtlv), Partenaire Officiel de l’UNESCO, 75004 Paris, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paola Borrelli
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 8195; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138195
Received: 23 May 2022 / Revised: 28 June 2022 / Accepted: 29 June 2022 / Published: 4 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health during and after the COVID-19 Pandemic)
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has put unprecedented pressure on the hospital sector around the world. It has shown the importance of preparing and planning in the future for an outbreak that overwhelms every aspect of a hospital on a rapidly expanding scale. We conducted a scoping review to identify, map, and systemize existing knowledge about the relationships between COVID-19 and hospital infrastructure adaptation and capacity planning worldwide. We searched the Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed and hand-searched gray papers published in English between December 2019 and December 2021. A total of 106 papers were included: 102 empirical studies and four technical reports. Empirical studies entailed five reviews, 40 studies focusing on hospital infrastructure adaptation and planning during the pandemics, and 57 studies on modeling the hospital capacity needed, measured mostly by the number of beds. The majority of studies were conducted in high-income countries and published within the first year of the pandemic. The strategies adopted by hospitals can be classified into short-term (repurposing medical and non-medical buildings, remote adjustments, and establishment of de novo structures) and long-term (architectural and engineering modifications, hospital networks, and digital approaches). More research is needed, focusing on specific strategies and the quality assessment of the evidence. View Full-Text
Keywords: hospital infrastructure; repurposing; adaptation; planning; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; health emergency; digital health; healthcare hospital infrastructure; repurposing; adaptation; planning; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; health emergency; digital health; healthcare
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ndayishimiye, C.; Sowada, C.; Dyjach, P.; Stasiak, A.; Middleton, J.; Lopes, H.; Dubas-Jakóbczyk, K. Associations between the COVID-19 Pandemic and Hospital Infrastructure Adaptation and Planning—A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 8195. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138195

AMA Style

Ndayishimiye C, Sowada C, Dyjach P, Stasiak A, Middleton J, Lopes H, Dubas-Jakóbczyk K. Associations between the COVID-19 Pandemic and Hospital Infrastructure Adaptation and Planning—A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):8195. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138195

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ndayishimiye, Costase, Christoph Sowada, Patrycja Dyjach, Agnieszka Stasiak, John Middleton, Henrique Lopes, and Katarzyna Dubas-Jakóbczyk. 2022. "Associations between the COVID-19 Pandemic and Hospital Infrastructure Adaptation and Planning—A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 8195. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138195

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