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Article

Evaluation of Expressive Arts Therapy on the Resilience of University Students in COVID-19: A Network Analysis Approach

by 1 and 2,*
1
Division of Arts, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
2
School of Education, Research Institute of Macau Education Development, City University of Macau, Macau 999078, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Maria Papadakaki and Joannes Chliaoutakis
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 7658; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137658
Received: 26 April 2022 / Revised: 19 June 2022 / Accepted: 20 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue University Students' Health and Academic Achievement)
As an alternative to traditional verbal counselling, expressive arts therapy has been shown to be an effective method of mental health care, particularly when dealing with stressful public interactions, such as those associated with COVID-19. However, few studies have been conducted to determine the efficacy of expressive arts therapy on the resilience of psychologically exposed university students during COVID-19. Furthermore, since network analysis appears to be a popular approach in psychological research, it has not been used in recent intervention studies for resilience. As a result, the current study utilized a network analysis approach to determine the efficacy of expressive arts therapy on the resilience of university students during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 263 students in a comprehensive university in China were selected for the therapy group between March and November 2021. In a pre-post design, students’ resilience was assessed using the Resiliency Scale for University Students (RSUS). The extended Bayesian information criteria (EBIC) and graphical LASSO were used to estimate and define paired resilience networks, and the strength, betweenness, and closeness indices were utilized to determine the centrality of the six facets of resilience. Additionally, we verified the stability and accuracy. It was discovered that significant differences appeared between the paired networks before and after expressive arts therapy. Facets of self-efficacy, self-acceptance and problem-solving in resilience were notably improved after the therapy, with the variable of emotional stability sustained at the mean level. Meanwhile, the network analysis has highlighted the central variable of self-efficacy in the pre-intervention and support from friends in the post-intervention. The connectivity among the components of problem solving, support from friends, and support from family was enhanced, with support from friends playing the role of hub nod in the following network. By utilizing a network analytic approach, expressive arts therapy can be more targeted in intervening in resilience mechanisms. As a proxy for efficacious problem-solving, intervention should be calibrated to the cultivation of social support networks, especially in the support from friends. View Full-Text
Keywords: university students; resilience; expressive arts therapy; network analysis; COVID-19 university students; resilience; expressive arts therapy; network analysis; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Y.; Peng, J. Evaluation of Expressive Arts Therapy on the Resilience of University Students in COVID-19: A Network Analysis Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 7658. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137658

AMA Style

Li Y, Peng J. Evaluation of Expressive Arts Therapy on the Resilience of University Students in COVID-19: A Network Analysis Approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):7658. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137658

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Yue, and Jun Peng. 2022. "Evaluation of Expressive Arts Therapy on the Resilience of University Students in COVID-19: A Network Analysis Approach" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 7658. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137658

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