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Article

Epiphytic Bryophytes in an Urban Landscape: Which Factors Determine Their Distribution, Species Richness, and Diversity? A Case Study in Wroclaw, Poland

1
Department of Botany and Plant Ecology, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, pl. Grunwaldzki 24a, 50-363 Wrocław, Poland
2
Institute of Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Wroclaw, pl. Uniwersytecki 1, 50-137 Wrocław, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yongli Cai and Simon Bell
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(10), 6274; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106274
Received: 8 April 2022 / Revised: 18 May 2022 / Accepted: 19 May 2022 / Published: 21 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Science and Engineering)
There is still a lack of knowledge on the effect of urban environmental factors on bryophyte species distribution and richness. The goal of this study was to fill that gap. We assumed the hypothesis that the urban heat island is the most important factor affecting epiphytic bryophyte species in urban space. The survey was based on a network of 500 one hectare study plots, scattered throughout the city of Wrocław (SW Poland). A set of 27 environmental factors was assessed in the field, as well as by the collection, processing, and interpretation of satellite imagery, LiDAR scans, and climatological data. Canonical correspondence analysis was used to evaluate the significance of the effect of the studied variables on the distribution of bryophyte epiphytes. The effect of the normalized difference vegetation index on epiphytic bryophyte distribution and richness was the strongest. The effects of the urban heat island as well as the tree species diversity appeared weaker, though significant. Among the tree stands features, the supply of European ash Fraxinus excelsior and tree height appeared to be the strongest. Maintaining afforested areas rich in old tree individuals with cooler and more humid microclimates seems to be crucial to the keeping of epiphytic bryophyte species diversity in the urban landscape. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban bryoflora; urban heat island; urban environment urban bryoflora; urban heat island; urban environment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Żołnierz, L.; Fudali, E.; Szymanowski, M. Epiphytic Bryophytes in an Urban Landscape: Which Factors Determine Their Distribution, Species Richness, and Diversity? A Case Study in Wroclaw, Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 6274. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106274

AMA Style

Żołnierz L, Fudali E, Szymanowski M. Epiphytic Bryophytes in an Urban Landscape: Which Factors Determine Their Distribution, Species Richness, and Diversity? A Case Study in Wroclaw, Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(10):6274. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106274

Chicago/Turabian Style

Żołnierz, Ludwik, Ewa Fudali, and Mariusz Szymanowski. 2022. "Epiphytic Bryophytes in an Urban Landscape: Which Factors Determine Their Distribution, Species Richness, and Diversity? A Case Study in Wroclaw, Poland" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 10: 6274. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106274

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