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Article

The Long-Term Effects of Early Childhood Resilience Profiles on School Outcomes among Children in the Child Welfare System

1
College of Social Work, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
2
School of Social Work, Falk College, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA
3
Quantitative Research, Evaluation and Measurement, College of Education and Human Ecology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
4
Department of Psychology, The University of the South, Sewanee, TN 37383, USA
5
Life Paths Research Center, Sewanee, TN 37375, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(10), 5987; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105987
Received: 13 April 2022 / Revised: 10 May 2022 / Accepted: 12 May 2022 / Published: 14 May 2022
This study aimed to examine the association between early childhood resilience profiles and later school outcomes (academic achievement and school involvement) among children in the U.S. child welfare system. This study compared 827 children aged 3–5 years in three latent profile groups (poor emotional and behavioral resilience, low cognitive resilience, and multi-domain resilience) to their baseline profiles using data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW-II). At the three-year follow-up, children with low emotional and behavioral resilience profiles and children with the multi-domain resilience profile had significantly higher basic reading skills, reading comprehension, and math reasoning compared to children with low scores on the cognitive resilience profile. Furthermore, children with the multi-domain resilience profile had significantly higher levels of emotional school engagement than did those with the low emotional and behavioral resilience profile and considerably higher levels of behavioral school engagement compared to those with the low cognitive resilience profile. The findings highlight the persistent effects of early resilience into the later childhood years. Moreover, our results suggest the need for early identification of and intervention for children with low cognitive or emotional/behavioral resilience during the preschool years to promote academic success and school engagement during the school-age years. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; school outcomes; academic achievement; school involvement; adverse childhood experiences (ACEs); children; latent profile analysis resilience; school outcomes; academic achievement; school involvement; adverse childhood experiences (ACEs); children; latent profile analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yoon, S.; Pei, F.; Benavides, J.L.; Ploss, A.; Logan, J.; Hamby, S. The Long-Term Effects of Early Childhood Resilience Profiles on School Outcomes among Children in the Child Welfare System. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 5987. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105987

AMA Style

Yoon S, Pei F, Benavides JL, Ploss A, Logan J, Hamby S. The Long-Term Effects of Early Childhood Resilience Profiles on School Outcomes among Children in the Child Welfare System. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(10):5987. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105987

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yoon, Susan, Fei Pei, Juan L. Benavides, Alexa Ploss, Jessica Logan, and Sherry Hamby. 2022. "The Long-Term Effects of Early Childhood Resilience Profiles on School Outcomes among Children in the Child Welfare System" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 10: 5987. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105987

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