Impact of Pandemic on European Well-Being: Visualizing Scenarios from the SHARE Database
2. Data and Methods
2.1. Descriptive Analysis and Design of Indicators
2.2. Construction of the Profiles
- Initialisation with random cluster prototypes,
- For each observation do:
- Assign observation to its closest prototype according to distance d (.,.)
- Update cluster prototypes by cluster-specific means/modes for all variables
- As long as any observations have swapped their cluster assignment in 2 or the maximum number of iterations has not been reached: repeat from 2 (, p. 201).
2.3. Simulation of a Pandemic Shock
3.1. Visualising the Vulnerability Indicators
3.2. Visualising the Vulnerability Profiles
3.3. Visualising the Pandemic Shock
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
Appendix A Dataset and R Code
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|Region||Unemployed Subindicator||Poverty Subindicator||Weekly Consumption Subindicator||Financial Distress Subindicator||Economic Indicator|
|Southern European||0.04 (0)||0.22 (0)||0.01 (0)||0.83 (1)||2.73 (2.5)|
|Eastern European||0.04 (0)||0.29 (0)||0.00 (0)||0.91 (1)||3.07 (2.5)|
|Northern European||0.03 (0)||0.16 (0)||0.01 (0)||0.56 (1)||1.86 (2.5)|
|Scandinavian and Switzerland||0.01 (0)||0.16 (0)||0.01 (0)||0.37 (0)||1.37 (2.5)|
|Region||General Health Subindicator||Mental Health Subindicator||Health Care Subindicator||Physical Health Subindicator||Health Indicator|
|Southern European||0.65 (1)||1.26 (1)||0.25 (0)||1.68 (2)||3.13 (3)|
|Eastern European||0.85 (1)||1.57 (2)||0.33 (0)||2.06 (2)||3.95 (4)|
|Northern European||0.67 (1)||1.15 (1)||0.23 (0)||1.87 (2)||3.22 (3)|
|Scandinavian and Switzerland||0.46 (0)||0.89 (1)||0.26 (0)||1.49 (1)||2.56 (2)|
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Grané, A.; Albarrán, I.; Merchán, D.E. Impact of Pandemic on European Well-Being: Visualizing Scenarios from the SHARE Database. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094620
Grané A, Albarrán I, Merchán DE. Impact of Pandemic on European Well-Being: Visualizing Scenarios from the SHARE Database. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094620Chicago/Turabian Style
Grané, Aurea, Irene Albarrán, and David E. Merchán. 2021. "Impact of Pandemic on European Well-Being: Visualizing Scenarios from the SHARE Database" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094620