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Article

Impact of Pandemic on European Well-Being: Visualizing Scenarios from the SHARE Database

Statistics Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 28903 Getafe, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4620; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094620
Received: 26 March 2021 / Revised: 23 April 2021 / Accepted: 24 April 2021 / Published: 27 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Measuring Health and Wellbeing)
The objective of this study is to analyse the effect of a pandemic shock on the well-being of the European population aged 50 or over. Data comes from wave 7 of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), carried out in 28 countries and representing over 170 million aged individuals in Europe. We start by designing two indicators in order to capture the risk of being unhealthy and economically vulnerable; next, we combine them with socio-demographic information and obtain the vulnerability profiles by means of the k-prototypes clustering algorithm. Subsequently, we design a shock similar to the COVID-19 pandemic and measure its effects on the vulnerability profiles. The results suggest that the average level of economic and health vulnerability is relatively low, although levels differ across European regions, with the most vulnerable being Eastern European countries. It was observed that the shock most affected countries with a greater proportion of individuals initially deemed vulnerable in terms of mental and physical health, as well as countries where tourism and retail sectors are the most vital for their economies. These findings led us to conclude that public policies should be differentiated by European regions, and Governments must establish action plans in order to better meet the physical and mental health needs of their citizens, as well as addressing monetary poverty and financial difficulties. View Full-Text
Keywords: clustering analysis; k-prototypes; mixed data; pandemic; SHARE survey; vulnerability profiles; well-being clustering analysis; k-prototypes; mixed data; pandemic; SHARE survey; vulnerability profiles; well-being
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grané, A.; Albarrán, I.; Merchán, D.E. Impact of Pandemic on European Well-Being: Visualizing Scenarios from the SHARE Database. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094620

AMA Style

Grané A, Albarrán I, Merchán DE. Impact of Pandemic on European Well-Being: Visualizing Scenarios from the SHARE Database. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094620

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grané, Aurea, Irene Albarrán, and David E. Merchán 2021. "Impact of Pandemic on European Well-Being: Visualizing Scenarios from the SHARE Database" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094620

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