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Article

Concerns Related to the COVID-19 in Adult Norwegians during the First Outbreak in 2020: A Qualitative Approach

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Department of Research, Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital HF, 1453 Bjørnemyr, Norway
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Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, 0130 Oslo, Norway
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, 0316 Oslo, Norway
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Department of Health and Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Social and Health Sciences, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, 2418 Elverum, Norway
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Faculty of Health Studies, VID Specialized University, 4306 Sandnes, Norway
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Norwegian Center for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, 0409 Oslo, Norway
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Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, 0316 Oslo, Norway
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Psychosomatic and CI Psychiatry, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway
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Faculty of Health Studies, VID Specialized University, 0370 Oslo, Norway
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Department of Acute Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4312; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084312
Received: 20 March 2021 / Revised: 14 April 2021 / Accepted: 15 April 2021 / Published: 19 April 2021
Concerns related to the first outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Norwegian population are studied in a cross-sectional web-survey conducted between 8 April and 20 May 2020. The qualitative thematic analysis of the open-ended question “Do you have other concerns related to the pandemic?”, followed a six-step process. Concerns from 1491 informants were analyzed, 34% of women and 30% of men (p = 0.05) provided concerns. Respondents with higher educational level reported concerns more often (86% vs. 83%, p = 0.022). The qualitative analysis revealed five themes—society, health, social activities, personal economy and duration—and 13 sub-themes, mostly related to the themes “society” and “health” (724 and 704, respectively). Empathy for others was prominent, for society (nationally and globally), but also concerns related to infecting others and family members at risk for developing serious illness if infected. The responses to the open-ended question yielded additional information, beyond the information obtained from questions with pre-categorized response options, especially related to concerns about society and health. Themes arising from the qualitative analysis shed light on what are important concerns for people during the pandemic and this may serve as targeted measures for the authorities. View Full-Text
Keywords: concerns; coronavirus; COVID-19; decision-making; population; SARS-CoV-2; qualitative concerns; coronavirus; COVID-19; decision-making; population; SARS-CoV-2; qualitative
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MDPI and ACS Style

Skogstad, L.; Schou-Bredal, I.; Bonsaksen, T.; Heir, T.; Ekeberg, Ø.; Grimholt, T. Concerns Related to the COVID-19 in Adult Norwegians during the First Outbreak in 2020: A Qualitative Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4312. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084312

AMA Style

Skogstad L, Schou-Bredal I, Bonsaksen T, Heir T, Ekeberg Ø, Grimholt T. Concerns Related to the COVID-19 in Adult Norwegians during the First Outbreak in 2020: A Qualitative Approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4312. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084312

Chicago/Turabian Style

Skogstad, Laila, Inger Schou-Bredal, Tore Bonsaksen, Trond Heir, Øivind Ekeberg, and Tine Grimholt. 2021. "Concerns Related to the COVID-19 in Adult Norwegians during the First Outbreak in 2020: A Qualitative Approach" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4312. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084312

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