Next Article in Journal
Workplace Healthy Lifestyle Determinants and Wellbeing Needs across the Preconception and Pregnancy Periods: A Qualitative Study Informed by the COM-B Model
Next Article in Special Issue
Where and How Extensive Are the Living Areas of the Elderly? An Empirical Study on ‘Ageing in Place’ in Three Small and Medium-Sized Japanese Cities
Previous Article in Journal
Investigation of the Association between Smoking Behavior and Metabolic Syndrome Using Lipid Accumulation Product Index among South Korean Adults
Previous Article in Special Issue
Thai Older People’s Willingness (Intention) to Participate in a Care Prevention, Community Group Exercise Program: An Assessment before Implementing an Intervention Trial in Chiang Mai, Northern Thailand
Article

Influence of Active and Healthy Ageing on Quality of Life Changes: Insights from the Comparison of Three European Countries

1
Department of Statistics, University Carlos III of Madrid, 28903 Getafe, Spain
2
Health Service Research Network on Chronic Diseases (REDISSEC), 28029 Madrid, Spain
3
University Institute of Gender Studies, University Carlos III of Madrid, 28903 Getafe, Spain
4
National Epidemiology Centre, Carlos III Institute of Health, 28029 Madrid, Spain
5
Network Center for Biomedical Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases (CIBERNED), 28031 Madrid, Spain
6
Aging Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, 17165 Stockholm, Sweden
7
Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal
8
Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
9
School of Education, Polytechnic Institute of Viseu, 3504-501 Porto, Portugal
10
Institute of Economics, Geography and Demography, Spanish National Research Council (IEGD-CSIC), 28037 Madrid, Spain
11
Dirección de Planificación, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, 28041 Madrid, Spain
12
Department of Education and Psychology, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fátima Roque and Maria Teresa Herdeiro
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4152; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084152
Received: 2 March 2021 / Revised: 6 April 2021 / Accepted: 11 April 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health and Wellbeing on Aging)
This study aimed to analyze the determinants of quality of life (QoL) in older people in three European countries (Portugal, Spain and Sweden). A sample of 7589 participants in waves 4 (2011) and 6 (2015) of the Survey on Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) project, aged 50 and over and living in Portugal, Spain and Sweden, was included. The CASP-12 scale was used to measure QoL. A principal component analysis was performed to group preselected variables related to active and healthy ageing into the dimensions of health, social participation, and lifelong learning. A linear regression model was built using the change in CASP-12 scores over the 4-year follow-up as the dependent variable, including the interactions between country and each independent variable in the model. After four years, the average QoL increased in Portugal (difference = 0.8, p < 0.001), decreased in Spain (−0.8, p < 0.001), and remained constant in Sweden (0.1, p = 0.408). A significant country-participation component interaction (p = 0.039) was found. In Spain, a higher participation (β = 0.031, p = 0.002) was related to a higher QoL improvement at 4 years, but not in Sweden or Portugal. Physical health and emotional components (β = 0.099, p < 0.001), functional ability (β = 0.044, p = 0.023), and cognitive and sensory ability (β = 0.021, p = 0.026) were associated with QoL changes over time in all countries. The country-specific associations between health, social participation and QoL should be taken into account when developing public health policies to promote QoL among European older people. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of life; aging; participation; cross-national; longitudinal; SHARE project quality of life; aging; participation; cross-national; longitudinal; SHARE project
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ayala, A.; Rodríguez-Blázquez, C.; Calderón-Larrañaga, A.; Beridze, G.; Teixeira, L.; Araújo, L.; Rojo-Pérez, F.; Fernández-Mayoralas, G.; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, V.; Quirós-González, V.; Zorrilla-Muñoz, V.; Agulló-Tomás, M.S.; Ribeiro, O.; Forjaz, M.J. Influence of Active and Healthy Ageing on Quality of Life Changes: Insights from the Comparison of Three European Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4152. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084152

AMA Style

Ayala A, Rodríguez-Blázquez C, Calderón-Larrañaga A, Beridze G, Teixeira L, Araújo L, Rojo-Pérez F, Fernández-Mayoralas G, Rodríguez-Rodríguez V, Quirós-González V, Zorrilla-Muñoz V, Agulló-Tomás MS, Ribeiro O, Forjaz MJ. Influence of Active and Healthy Ageing on Quality of Life Changes: Insights from the Comparison of Three European Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4152. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084152

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ayala, Alba, Carmen Rodríguez-Blázquez, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Giorgi Beridze, Laetitia Teixeira, Lia Araújo, Fermina Rojo-Pérez, Gloria Fernández-Mayoralas, Vicente Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Víctor Quirós-González, Vanessa Zorrilla-Muñoz, María S. Agulló-Tomás, Oscar Ribeiro, and Maria J. Forjaz 2021. "Influence of Active and Healthy Ageing on Quality of Life Changes: Insights from the Comparison of Three European Countries" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4152. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084152

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop