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Article

Suicide Thoughts and Attempts in the Norwegian General Population during the Early Stage of the COVID-19 Outbreak

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Faculty of Social and Health Sciences, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, 2418 Elverum, Norway
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Faculty of Health Studies, VID Specialized University, 4306 Sandnes, Norway
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Department of Research, Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital HF, 1453 Bjørnemyr, Norway
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Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, 0130 Oslo, Norway
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Norwegian Center for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, 0484 Oslo, Norway
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Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, 0450 Oslo, Norway
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Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, 0372 Oslo, Norway
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Faculty of Health Studies, VID Specialized University, 0370 Oslo, Norway
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Department of Acute Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul S. Links and Roger C.M. Ho
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4102; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084102
Received: 18 February 2021 / Revised: 6 April 2021 / Accepted: 7 April 2021 / Published: 13 April 2021
The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of suicide thoughts and attempts during the early stage of the COVID-19 outbreak and examine pandemic-related factors associated with suicide thoughts in the general Norwegian population. A sample of 4527 adults living in Norway were recruited via social media. Data related to suicide thoughts and attempts, alcohol use, pandemic-related concerns, and sociodemographic variables were collected. Associations with suicide thoughts were analyzed with logistic regression analysis. In the sample, 3.6% reported suicide thoughts during the last month, while 0.2% had attempted suicide during the same period. Previous suicide attempts (OR: 11.93, p < 0.001), lower age (OR: 0.69, p < 0.001), daily alcohol use (OR: 3.31, p < 0.001), being in the risk group for COVID-19 complications (OR: 2.15, p < 0.001), and having economic concerns related to the pandemic (OR: 2.28, p < 0.001) were associated with having current suicide thoughts. In addition to known risk factors, the study suggests that aspects specific to COVID-19 may be important for suicidal behaviors during the pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: coronavirus; pandemic; population survey; suicidal behavior; suicide coronavirus; pandemic; population survey; suicidal behavior; suicide
MDPI and ACS Style

Bonsaksen, T.; Skogstad, L.; Heir, T.; Ekeberg, Ø.; Schou-Bredal, I.; Grimholt, T.K. Suicide Thoughts and Attempts in the Norwegian General Population during the Early Stage of the COVID-19 Outbreak. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4102. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084102

AMA Style

Bonsaksen T, Skogstad L, Heir T, Ekeberg Ø, Schou-Bredal I, Grimholt TK. Suicide Thoughts and Attempts in the Norwegian General Population during the Early Stage of the COVID-19 Outbreak. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4102. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084102

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bonsaksen, Tore, Laila Skogstad, Trond Heir, Øivind Ekeberg, Inger Schou-Bredal, and Tine K. Grimholt 2021. "Suicide Thoughts and Attempts in the Norwegian General Population during the Early Stage of the COVID-19 Outbreak" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4102. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084102

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