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A Scientometric Review of Urban Disaster Resilience Research
Open AccessArticle

Utilizing Population Distribution Patterns for Disaster Vulnerability Assessment: Case of Foreign Residents in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area of Japan

Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University (SFC), 5322 Endo, Fujisawa-shi, Kanagawa 252-0882, Japan
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Academic Editor: Jayajit Chakraborty
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4061; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084061
Received: 2 March 2021 / Revised: 5 April 2021 / Accepted: 7 April 2021 / Published: 12 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Disaster Resilience and Sustainability)
Foreign residents in Japan are amongst the vulnerable groups at risk to disasters in the country. Improvement is crucial in meeting Japan’s vison of zero casualties in major disaster events. If the case of the 2005 Hurricane Katrina is to offer an insight into migrants’ characteristics in mega-disaster situations, then a broader analysis of vulnerabilities is needed to avoid mass casualties should the anticipated megathrust earthquake occur. Hence, this study analyzes the vulnerabilities of foreign residents by utilizing their spatial distribution attributes in the Tokyo metropolitan area. This study uses multiple approaches that combine geographic information systems to analyze secondary and primary datasets. The results reveal that foreign nationals are spatially clustered in some parts of the metropolis, especially within a 7 km radius of Minato city. The densities in these areas alter the earthquake community vulnerability levels from 1.23% to 2.8% and from 5.42% to 13.46%, respectively. Although only 11% of foreign residents are prepared for any disaster, there is a high sense of interaction amongst them and Japanese nationals, which almost eliminates isolation within communities. This study therefore proposes the utilization of some of these attributes in mobilizing specifically targeted evacuation procedures, management of evacuation centers, and disaster risk information dissemination. View Full-Text
Keywords: migrants; disaster vulnerability; population dynamics; Tokyo metropolitan area migrants; disaster vulnerability; population dynamics; Tokyo metropolitan area
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MDPI and ACS Style

Adu-Gyamfi, B.; Shaw, R. Utilizing Population Distribution Patterns for Disaster Vulnerability Assessment: Case of Foreign Residents in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area of Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4061. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084061

AMA Style

Adu-Gyamfi B, Shaw R. Utilizing Population Distribution Patterns for Disaster Vulnerability Assessment: Case of Foreign Residents in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area of Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4061. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084061

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adu-Gyamfi, Bismark; Shaw, Rajib. 2021. "Utilizing Population Distribution Patterns for Disaster Vulnerability Assessment: Case of Foreign Residents in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area of Japan" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 4061. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084061

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