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Article

COVID-19 and Health Information Seeking Behavior: Digital Health Literacy Survey amongst University Students in Pakistan

1
Department of Public Health, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
2
Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
3
University of Okara, Okara 56300, Pakistan
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Institute of Public Health, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 10117 Berlin, Germany
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Institute of Gerontological Health Services and Nursing Research, Ravensburg-Weingarten University of Applied Sciences, 88250 Weingarten, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mariusz Duplaga and Tetine Sentell
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4009; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084009
Received: 8 March 2021 / Revised: 4 April 2021 / Accepted: 8 April 2021 / Published: 11 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue eHealth Literacy 2.0)
Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, digital health literacy (DHL) has become a significant public health concern. This research aims to assess information seeking behavior, as well as the ability to find relevant information and deal with DHL among university students in Pakistan. An online-based cross-sectional survey, using a web-based interviewing technique, was conducted to collect data on DHL. Simple bivariate and multivariate linear regression was performed to assess the association of key characteristics with DHL. The results show a high DHL related to COVID-19 in 54.3% of students. Most of the Pakistani students demonstrated ~50% DHL in all dimensions, except for reliability. Multivariate findings showed that gender, sense of coherence and importance of information were found to be significantly associated with DHL. However, a negative association was observed with students′ satisfaction with information. This led to the conclusion that critical operational and navigations skills are essential to achieve COVID-19 DHL and cope with stress, particularly to promote both personal and community health. Focused interventions and strategies should be designed to enhance DHL amongst university students to combat the pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: eHealth literacy; digital health literacy; sense of coherence; COVID-19; COVID-HL-Q; Pakistan eHealth literacy; digital health literacy; sense of coherence; COVID-19; COVID-HL-Q; Pakistan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zakar, R.; Iqbal, S.; Zakar, M.Z.; Fischer, F. COVID-19 and Health Information Seeking Behavior: Digital Health Literacy Survey amongst University Students in Pakistan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4009. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084009

AMA Style

Zakar R, Iqbal S, Zakar MZ, Fischer F. COVID-19 and Health Information Seeking Behavior: Digital Health Literacy Survey amongst University Students in Pakistan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4009. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084009

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zakar, Rubeena; Iqbal, Sarosh; Zakar, Muhammad Z.; Fischer, Florian. 2021. "COVID-19 and Health Information Seeking Behavior: Digital Health Literacy Survey amongst University Students in Pakistan" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 4009. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084009

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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