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Article

Effectiveness of Group vs. Individual Therapy to Decrease Peer Problems and Increase Prosociality in Children

1
Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University, 03202 Elche, Spain
2
Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 3950; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083950
Received: 16 March 2021 / Revised: 6 April 2021 / Accepted: 8 April 2021 / Published: 9 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue School Climate, Bullying, and School Violence)
Emotional difficulties in children are often shown to be associated with peer problems and low prosocial behaviors. Super Skills for Life (SSL) is a transdiagnostic protocol for the prevention of emotional problems in children and has also obtained improvements of other comorbid symptoms. This study aimed at comparing the effects of SSL in reducing peer problems and increasing prosocial behaviors in children aged 8 to 12 years between the group and the individual modalities. For this purpose, 140 children (35% girls) received the program, 70 in group format and 70 in individual format, and were evaluated at the baseline, posttest, and after one year. Both modalities were effective in enhancing social relationships in children, although the individual modality showed more promising results. Children belonging to the individual modality group presented fewer peer problems (less social isolation and rejection, greater social acceptance, more friends) and greater prosocial behaviors (helping, empathy, kindness, and sharing) compared to children receiving the therapy in group modality, both in the short and in the long term. In conclusion, this study provides evidence of SSL protocol efficacy for improving children’s peer relationships and prosocial behaviors and encourages the implementation of transdiagnostic interventions in both clinical and educational settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: transdiagnostic; Super Skills for Life; peer problems; prosocial behavior; children transdiagnostic; Super Skills for Life; peer problems; prosocial behavior; children
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MDPI and ACS Style

Melero, S.; Morales, A.; Espada, J.P.; Méndez, X.; Orgilés, M. Effectiveness of Group vs. Individual Therapy to Decrease Peer Problems and Increase Prosociality in Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3950. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083950

AMA Style

Melero S, Morales A, Espada JP, Méndez X, Orgilés M. Effectiveness of Group vs. Individual Therapy to Decrease Peer Problems and Increase Prosociality in Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):3950. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083950

Chicago/Turabian Style

Melero, Silvia, Alexandra Morales, José P. Espada, Xavier Méndez, and Mireia Orgilés. 2021. "Effectiveness of Group vs. Individual Therapy to Decrease Peer Problems and Increase Prosociality in Children" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 3950. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083950

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