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Open AccessArticle

Community-Engaged Research: Common Themes and Needs Identified by Investigators and Research Teams at an Emerging Academic Learning Health System

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Maya Angelou Center for Health Equity, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
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Program in Community-Engaged Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
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Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy and Program in Community-Engaged Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
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Formerly of the Program in Community-Engaged Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
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Department of Radiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
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Department of Pediatrics and Program in Community-Engaged Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
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Department of Family and Community Medicine and Program in Community-Engaged Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 3893; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083893
Received: 23 February 2021 / Revised: 5 April 2021 / Accepted: 7 April 2021 / Published: 8 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Community-engaged research (CEnR) has emerged within public health and medicine as an approach to research designed to increase health equity, reduce health disparities, and improve community and population health. We sought to understand how CEnR has been conducted and to identify needs to support CEnR within an emerging academic learning health system (aLHS). We conducted individual semi-structured interviews with investigators experienced in CEnR at an emerging aLHS in the southeastern United States. Eighteen investigators (16 faculty and 2 research associates) were identified, provided consent, and completed interviews. Half of participants were women; 61% were full professors of varied academic backgrounds and departments. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, coded, and analyzed using constant comparison, an approach to grounded theory. Twenty themes emerged that were categorized into six domains: Conceptualization and Purpose, Value and Investment, Community-Academic Partnerships, Sustainability, Facilitators, and Challenges. Results also identified eight emerging needs necessary to enhance CEnR within aLHSs. The results provide insights into how CEnR approaches can be harnessed within aLHSs to build and nurture community-academic partnerships, inform research and institutional priorities, and improve community and population health. Findings can be used to guide the incorporation of CEnR within aLHSs. View Full-Text
Keywords: community-engaged research; health disparities; academic learning health system; qualitative methods community-engaged research; health disparities; academic learning health system; qualitative methods
MDPI and ACS Style

Irby, M.B.; Moore, K.R.; Mann-Jackson, L.; Hamlin, D.; Randall, I.; Summers, P.; Skelton, J.A.; Daniel, S.S.; Rhodes, S.D. Community-Engaged Research: Common Themes and Needs Identified by Investigators and Research Teams at an Emerging Academic Learning Health System. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3893. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083893

AMA Style

Irby MB, Moore KR, Mann-Jackson L, Hamlin D, Randall I, Summers P, Skelton JA, Daniel SS, Rhodes SD. Community-Engaged Research: Common Themes and Needs Identified by Investigators and Research Teams at an Emerging Academic Learning Health System. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):3893. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083893

Chicago/Turabian Style

Irby, Megan B.; Moore, Keena R.; Mann-Jackson, Lilli; Hamlin, DeWanna; Randall, Isaiah; Summers, Phillip; Skelton, Joseph A.; Daniel, Stephanie S.; Rhodes, Scott D. 2021. "Community-Engaged Research: Common Themes and Needs Identified by Investigators and Research Teams at an Emerging Academic Learning Health System" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 3893. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083893

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