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Life Satisfaction and Adaptation in Persons with Parkinson’s Disease—A Qualitative Study

1
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, S-221 00 Lund, Sweden
2
Department of Neurology, Rehabilitation Medicine, Memory Disorders and Geriatrics, Skåne University Hospital, S-221 85 Lund, Sweden
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Department of Thoracic Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, S-222 85 Lund, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 3308; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063308
Received: 10 March 2021 / Accepted: 20 March 2021 / Published: 23 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Persons with Parkinson’s disease (PD) need to adapt to their progressive disability to achieve and maintain a high degree of life satisfaction (LS), but little is known about the meaning of LS and adaptation. This study aimed to gain an in-depth understanding of the meaning of LS and adaptation in persons with PD. Open-ended in-depth interviews were performed with 13 persons diagnosed with PD, 9 women, 3 men, and one non-binary person (mean age 54 years, mean time since diagnosis 3.4 years). The interviews were analyzed using a phenomenological–hermeneutic approach. The participants were in the process of adapting to their new health situation. There were two quite distinct groups: one that adapted through acceptance and one that struggled to resist the disease and the profound impact it had on their lives. The thematic structural analysis covers eight themes illustrating the meaning of LS and adaptation, through either acceptance or resistance. Adaptation to PD involves a transitional process characterized by either acceptance or resistance, which influences a person’s LS. Acceptance makes LS possible, whereas resistance constitutes a behavioral barrier to adaptation and LS. Rehabilitation professionals need to understand this individual process to be able to support a person with PD to reach and maintain a high level of LS. Understanding the link between LS and adaptation can support rehabilitation professionals to provide targeted interventions for people with PD. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptation; psychological; Parkinson’s disease; quality of life; qualitative research; self-management; sense of coherence adaptation; psychological; Parkinson’s disease; quality of life; qualitative research; self-management; sense of coherence
MDPI and ACS Style

Rosengren, L.; Forsberg, A.; Brogårdh, C.; Lexell, J. Life Satisfaction and Adaptation in Persons with Parkinson’s Disease—A Qualitative Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3308. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063308

AMA Style

Rosengren L, Forsberg A, Brogårdh C, Lexell J. Life Satisfaction and Adaptation in Persons with Parkinson’s Disease—A Qualitative Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):3308. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063308

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rosengren, Lina, Anna Forsberg, Christina Brogårdh, and Jan Lexell. 2021. "Life Satisfaction and Adaptation in Persons with Parkinson’s Disease—A Qualitative Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 3308. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063308

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