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Article

Patients’ Perspectives about Lifestyle Behaviors and Health in the Context of Family Medicine: A Cross-Sectional Study in Portugal

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Department of Community Medicine, Information and Health Decision Sciences (MEDCIDS), Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
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Centre for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
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Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo (IPVC), 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
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#H4A Primary Healthcare Research Network, 4460-027 Porto, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gráinne O’Donoghue and Casey Peiris
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 2981; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062981
Received: 4 January 2021 / Revised: 10 March 2021 / Accepted: 11 March 2021 / Published: 14 March 2021
Lifestyle interventions are recognized as essential in the prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases. Previous studies have shown that Portuguese patients tend to give more importance to diagnostic and laboratory tests than to lifestyle measures, and seem unaware that behavioral risks are the main modifiable risk factors. The study aimed to analyze patients’ perspectives about lifestyle behaviors and health in the context of family medicine in Portugal. A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Portugal (the mainland). A total of 900 Portuguese patients aged ≥20 years, representative of the population, were surveyed using face-to-face questionnaires. Participants were selected by the random route method. Descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests were performed to evaluate differences between the personal beliefs and the personal behavior self-assessment, as well as between the level of importance given to the family doctor to address health behaviors and the reported approach implemented by the family doctor, and its association with bio-demographic variables. The results indicate that the vast majority of this Portuguese cohort has informed beliefs regarding lifestyle behaviors, tends to overestimate their own behavior self-assessment, and strongly agrees that it is important that their family doctor asks/advises on these lifestyle behaviors, although the proportion of those who totally agree that their family doctor usually does this is significantly lower. Differences concerning bio-demographic variables were found. Future research directions should focus on the politics, economics, and policy aspects that may have an impact in this area. It will also be important to understand more broadly the relationships between lifestyle behaviors and clinical, physical, and sociodemographic variables. View Full-Text
Keywords: lifestyle; family doctor; behavior; chronic/non-communicable diseases lifestyle; family doctor; behavior; chronic/non-communicable diseases
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MDPI and ACS Style

Páscoa, R.; Teixeira, A.; Gregório, M.; Carvalho, R.; Martins, C. Patients’ Perspectives about Lifestyle Behaviors and Health in the Context of Family Medicine: A Cross-Sectional Study in Portugal. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2981. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062981

AMA Style

Páscoa R, Teixeira A, Gregório M, Carvalho R, Martins C. Patients’ Perspectives about Lifestyle Behaviors and Health in the Context of Family Medicine: A Cross-Sectional Study in Portugal. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):2981. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062981

Chicago/Turabian Style

Páscoa, Rosália, Andreia Teixeira, Micaela Gregório, Rosa Carvalho, and Carlos Martins. 2021. "Patients’ Perspectives about Lifestyle Behaviors and Health in the Context of Family Medicine: A Cross-Sectional Study in Portugal" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 2981. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062981

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