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Article

Religious Affiliations Influence Health-Related and General Decision Making: A Brazilian Nationwide Survey

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PROSER, Programa de Espiritualidade e Religiosidade, Instituto de Psiquiatra, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo 05403-903, Brazil
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School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora 36038-330, Brazil
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Departamento & Instituto de Psiquiatria (LIM-23) HCFMUSP, Sao Paulo 05403-903, Brazil
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Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo 05403-903, Brazil
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Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo 05403-903, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 2873; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062873
Received: 12 February 2021 / Revised: 4 March 2021 / Accepted: 5 March 2021 / Published: 11 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Approximately 90% of the world’s population is involved in some spiritual/religious practice, and this dimension has a relevant role in life. Many studies demonstrate the associations between spirituality/religiosity (S/R), and physical, mental, and social health. Systematic reviews have indicated positive associations; however, the mechanisms behind religious coping are not fully understood. The present study aimed to examine the role of religious affiliation in general (ordinary) and health-related decisions. A nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in Brazil using a self-administered online survey. How much religious affiliation influences decision making was investigated. A total of 1133 participants were included, who were classified as Catholics (43.9%), Evangelicals (18.7%), spiritualists (12.8%), non-religious (11.9%), and others (12.7%). Most participants (66.5%) believed that their religious affiliations had moderate to high influences on their decisions. Participants rated the influence as high in marriage (62.7%), in donations (60.1%), in volunteering (55%), in friendships (53.9%), and in work (50.5%). Concerning health-related decisions, the influence was rated as high in drug use (45.2%), in accepting medical recommendations (45%), and in smoking (43.2%). The influence of religious affiliation on general decision making was significantly correlated for dietary restrictions (r = 0.462), alcohol consumption (r = 0.458), drug use (r = 0.441), tobacco consumption (r = 0.456), and refusal of medical recommendations (r = 0.314). Improving the understanding of how a patient’s beliefs, practices, and experiences affect their health may help healthcare practitioners to take into account religious considerations, not only regarding influences on habits but also regarding adherence to medical treatment advice. View Full-Text
Keywords: nationwide; online survey; religion; sensitive information; public health nationwide; online survey; religion; sensitive information; public health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Borges, M.; Lucchetti, G.; Leão, F.C.; Vallada, H.; Peres, M.F.P. Religious Affiliations Influence Health-Related and General Decision Making: A Brazilian Nationwide Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2873. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062873

AMA Style

Borges M, Lucchetti G, Leão FC, Vallada H, Peres MFP. Religious Affiliations Influence Health-Related and General Decision Making: A Brazilian Nationwide Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):2873. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062873

Chicago/Turabian Style

Borges, Marcelo, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Frederico C. Leão, Homero Vallada, and Mario F.P. Peres 2021. "Religious Affiliations Influence Health-Related and General Decision Making: A Brazilian Nationwide Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 2873. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062873

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