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Article

Why Exercise at Work: Development of the Office Exercise Behavior Determinants Scale

by 1, 2 and 1,*
1
School of Design and Arts, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2
Department of Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giulio Arcangeli
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2736; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052736
Received: 19 February 2021 / Revised: 1 March 2021 / Accepted: 3 March 2021 / Published: 8 March 2021
The constant increase in work pressure and the penetration of labor-saving technologies have significantly reduced physical activity in office-based work routines, threatening employees’ physical and mental well-being. Encouraging physical exercises at the office seems a potential solution. However, while there is a wealth of research into occupational health and workplace exercise promotion, little is known about which factors can influence the engagement of physical exercises in the office context. It is crucial to understand these determinants, in order to support the design of office exercise promoting intervention. This study explored the determinants of office workers’ exercise behavior by proposing and developing the Office Exercise Behavior Determinants (OEBD) scale based on existing behavioral and environmental research. The OEBD scale was assessed through an online questionnaire study involving 479 office workers. The results indicated that four factors (Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation, Social Environment, and Work Environment) contribute to office workers’ exercise behavior. Furthermore, confirmatory factor analysis of our obtained data provided evidence for the internal validity of the OEBD scale. Thereby, this research can support increased office exercise with valid measurements for behavioral determinants. View Full-Text
Keywords: office exercise; behavior determinants; workplace health promotion; questionnaire office exercise; behavior determinants; workplace health promotion; questionnaire
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, T.; Ham, J.; Ren, X. Why Exercise at Work: Development of the Office Exercise Behavior Determinants Scale. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2736. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052736

AMA Style

Zhang T, Ham J, Ren X. Why Exercise at Work: Development of the Office Exercise Behavior Determinants Scale. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2736. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052736

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Tianmei, Jaap Ham, and Xipei Ren. 2021. "Why Exercise at Work: Development of the Office Exercise Behavior Determinants Scale" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2736. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052736

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