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Article

Family Meals, Conviviality, and the Mediterranean Diet among Families with Adolescents

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Open University of Catalonia, UOC), 08018 Barcelona, Spain
2
Department of Psychology and Education, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Open University of Catalonia, UOC), 08018 Barcelona, Spain
3
FoodLab Research Group (2017SGR 83), Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Open University of Catalonia, UOC), 08018 Barcelona, Spain
4
Food and Nutrition Area, Barcelona Official College of Pharmacists, 08009 Barcelona, Spain
5
Eating and Weight-Related Problems Unit, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
6
Department of Psychobiology and Methodology of Health Sciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
7
Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2499; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052499
Received: 26 January 2021 / Revised: 25 February 2021 / Accepted: 26 February 2021 / Published: 3 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mediterranean Diet: Health, Environment, Culture, Sustainability)
Two aspects that characterize the Mediterranean diet (MD) are “what” and “how” we eat. Conviviality relates to “how” we eat and to the pleasure of sharing meals with significant people. The most studied concept is “family meals”, which includes conviviality, which involves “enjoying” family meals. Given the lack of research on convivial family meals in Mediterranean countries, the purpose of this qualitative study was to analyze the family meal representations and practices of families with 12- to 16-year-old adolescents to assess whether they responded to a pattern of conviviality, and to examine their association with MD adherence. Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted and food frequency and family meal questionnaires were administered. A food pattern analysis was carried out and digital photos of meals were analyzed to examine eating habits and meal composition, respectively. The findings showed that parents believed family meals are a space for socialization and communication. Items relating to the conviviality of family meals identified in the study were meal frequency, meals at the table, lack of digital distractions, pleasant conversations, and time spent on family meals. Attention should be paid to conviviality in Mediterranean families when designing multi-approach strategies to promote healthy eating among adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: conviviality; family meals; Mediterranean diet; meals; adolescents; qualitative research; interviews; commensality conviviality; family meals; Mediterranean diet; meals; adolescents; qualitative research; interviews; commensality
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MDPI and ACS Style

de la Torre-Moral, A.; Fàbregues, S.; Bach-Faig, A.; Fornieles-Deu, A.; Medina, F.X.; Aguilar-Martínez, A.; Sánchez-Carracedo, D. Family Meals, Conviviality, and the Mediterranean Diet among Families with Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2499. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052499

AMA Style

de la Torre-Moral A, Fàbregues S, Bach-Faig A, Fornieles-Deu A, Medina FX, Aguilar-Martínez A, Sánchez-Carracedo D. Family Meals, Conviviality, and the Mediterranean Diet among Families with Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2499. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052499

Chicago/Turabian Style

de la Torre-Moral, Andrea, Sergi Fàbregues, Anna Bach-Faig, Albert Fornieles-Deu, F. Xavier Medina, Alicia Aguilar-Martínez, and David Sánchez-Carracedo. 2021. "Family Meals, Conviviality, and the Mediterranean Diet among Families with Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2499. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052499

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