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Article

Development of a Structured Interview to Explore Interpersonal Schema of Older Adults Living Alone Based on Autobiographical Memory

1
Department of Psychiatry, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Wonju 26426, Korea
2
Department of Psychology, Duksung Women’s University, Seoul 01369, Korea
3
Health Insurance Research Institute, National Health Insurance Service, Wonju 26464, Korea
4
Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju 26426, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Kari Kvaal, Ellen Nesset Mælan and Ingun Dina Ulstein
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2316; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052316
Received: 16 January 2021 / Revised: 8 February 2021 / Accepted: 18 February 2021 / Published: 26 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Community Public Mental Health Care)
With a growing public interest in the social health of older adults, studies focusing on social networks and interpersonal relationships of older adults are needed. The present study was conducted to develop a structured interview to evaluate the interpersonal schema based on Self-Defining Memory of older adults. First, the word cues that the older adults often report on interpersonal events were confirmed. Next, the indices and scoring rules were prepared, including Relationship frequency (RF), Conflict frequency (CF), Dominance mean (Dm), and Warmth mean (Wm). Healthy older adults living alone (mean age = 71.81, SD = 3.95) were interviewed. Finally, the correlation between each index and Short form of Korean Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales (KIIP-SC) was analyzed for criterion validity. The inter-rater reliability was substantial (Kappa = 0.61~0.66). Based on the analysis of criterion validity, the indices of CF, Dm, and Wm indices showed an appropriate level of criterion validity. This study developed a structural interview based on a novel system of reporting autobiographical memory and established indices with appropriate validity to evaluate interpersonal relationships. The interview is expected to identify the characteristics of interpersonal relationships of the older adults and contribute to the establishment of the older adults’ community accordingly. View Full-Text
Keywords: interpersonal relationship; interpersonal schema; older adults; structured interview interpersonal relationship; interpersonal schema; older adults; structured interview
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kwan, Y.; Choi, S.; Eom, T.R.; Kim, T.H. Development of a Structured Interview to Explore Interpersonal Schema of Older Adults Living Alone Based on Autobiographical Memory. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2316. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052316

AMA Style

Kwan Y, Choi S, Eom TR, Kim TH. Development of a Structured Interview to Explore Interpersonal Schema of Older Adults Living Alone Based on Autobiographical Memory. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2316. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052316

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kwan, Yunna, Sungwon Choi, Tae Rim Eom, and Tae Hui Kim. 2021. "Development of a Structured Interview to Explore Interpersonal Schema of Older Adults Living Alone Based on Autobiographical Memory" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2316. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052316

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