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Systematic Review

Community Garden Initiatives Addressing Health and Well-Being Outcomes: A Systematic Review of Infodemiology Aspects, Outcomes, and Target Populations

1
UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Development and Territory Management, University of Turin, 10100 Turin, Italy
2
Center of Research of Immunopathology & Rare Diseases, Nephrology & Dialysis, S. Giovanni Bosco Hospital, Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, 10100 Turin, Italy
3
Department of Architecture (DARCH), University of Palermo, VialedelleScienze, Edificio 14, 90145 Palermo, Italy
4
Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences (DISAFA), University of Torino, Largo Paolo Braccini 2, Grugliasco, 10095 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These Authors equally participated to this study.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1943; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041943
Received: 7 January 2021 / Revised: 3 February 2021 / Accepted: 5 February 2021 / Published: 17 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Digital Health)
Previous research has suggested that activities such as community gardens could offer a wide range of health benefits. The aim of the article is to systematically review the available literature to analyse the magnitude of the phenomenon, the geographical distribution, and the main characteristics in terms of health outcomes and target populations. The search addresses the question whether the activity in community gardens improves health and well-being outcomes of individuals. From the total amount of 7226, 84 selected articles showed that:(1) up to 50% are published by U.S. universities or institutions; (2) up to 44% of the studies considered “community gardens” as the main activity of the research focus; (3) one-third of the studies included adults; (4) almost 25% of the studies used “general health” as the main outcome when investigating the benefits of community gardens; (5) the percentage of studies that achieved their outcomes was heterogeneous among the different health dimensions. In conclusion, while a certain degree of heterogeneity in the used definition and outcome still exist, community gardens may be a viable strategy for well-being promotion in terms of psychological, social, and physical health and may be considered as an innovative urban strategy to promote urban public health. View Full-Text
Keywords: community gardens; health promotion; well-being; urban greenspace; public health community gardens; health promotion; well-being; urban greenspace; public health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gregis, A.; Ghisalberti, C.; Sciascia, S.; Sottile, F.; Peano, C. Community Garden Initiatives Addressing Health and Well-Being Outcomes: A Systematic Review of Infodemiology Aspects, Outcomes, and Target Populations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1943. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041943

AMA Style

Gregis A, Ghisalberti C, Sciascia S, Sottile F, Peano C. Community Garden Initiatives Addressing Health and Well-Being Outcomes: A Systematic Review of Infodemiology Aspects, Outcomes, and Target Populations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1943. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041943

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gregis, Anna; Ghisalberti, Chiara; Sciascia, Savino; Sottile, Francesco; Peano, Cristiana. 2021. "Community Garden Initiatives Addressing Health and Well-Being Outcomes: A Systematic Review of Infodemiology Aspects, Outcomes, and Target Populations" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 4: 1943. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041943

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