Next Article in Journal
A Systematic Review of Self-Report Instruments for the Measurement of Anxiety in Hospitalized Children with Cancer
Previous Article in Journal
Work-Related Challenges among Primary Health Centers Workers during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia
Article

Protective Elements of Mental Health Status during the COVID-19 Outbreak in the Portuguese Population

1
Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
2
ICVS/3B’s, PT Government Associate Laboratory, 4710-057 Braga/Guimarães, Portugal
3
Psychological Neuroscience Lab, CIPsi, School of Psychology, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contribution.
Academic Editors: Usha Sambamoorthi and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1910; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041910
Received: 8 December 2020 / Revised: 29 January 2021 / Accepted: 9 February 2021 / Published: 16 February 2021
The outbreak of COVID-19 might produce dramatic psychological effects on individuals’ lives. In this study, we aimed to explore the elements that may reduce the negative effects on mental health of the quarantine period imposed by most governments during this worldwide crisis. We conducted an online survey to evaluate demographic, lifestyle and mental health variables in a sample of 1280 Portuguese individuals (79.8% females) with an average age of 37 years. We observed that factors related to living conditions, maintaining work either online or in the workplace, frequency of exercise and absence of previous psychological or physic disorders are protective features of psychological well-being (anxiety, depression, stress and obsessive-compulsive symptoms). Finally, the individuals previously receiving psychotherapeutic support exhibited better psychological indicators if they did not interrupt the process as a consequence of the outbreak. Our results indicate that the practice of physical exercise, reduced consumption of COVID-19 information and the implementation of remote mental healthcare measures might prevent larger impacts on mental health during the COVID-19 outbreak. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychological; pandemic; isolation; Portugal; SARS-CoV-2; coronavirus psychological; pandemic; isolation; Portugal; SARS-CoV-2; coronavirus
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Silva Moreira, P.; Ferreira, S.; Couto, B.; Machado-Sousa, M.; Fernández, M.; Raposo-Lima, C.; Sousa, N.; Picó-Pérez, M.; Morgado, P. Protective Elements of Mental Health Status during the COVID-19 Outbreak in the Portuguese Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1910. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041910

AMA Style

Silva Moreira P, Ferreira S, Couto B, Machado-Sousa M, Fernández M, Raposo-Lima C, Sousa N, Picó-Pérez M, Morgado P. Protective Elements of Mental Health Status during the COVID-19 Outbreak in the Portuguese Population. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1910. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041910

Chicago/Turabian Style

Silva Moreira, Pedro, Sónia Ferreira, Beatriz Couto, Mafalda Machado-Sousa, Marcos Fernández, Catarina Raposo-Lima, Nuno Sousa, Maria Picó-Pérez, and Pedro Morgado. 2021. "Protective Elements of Mental Health Status during the COVID-19 Outbreak in the Portuguese Population" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1910. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041910

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop