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Review

Mobile Apps for Helping Informal Caregivers: A Systematic Review

Health Psychology Department, Miguel Hernández University, Altamira Building, Avda de la Universidad s/n. 03202 Elche, Spain
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Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1702; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041702
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 26 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 February 2021 / Published: 10 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
(1) Background: The physical and psychological consequences suffered by informal caregivers have been extensively studied. MHealth solutions appear to be an opportunity to help overcome the caregiver burden. The objective of this study was to evaluate available mobile applications for informal caregivers of people who are ill and to determine whether these mobile applications were developed considering the needs of caregiver users. (2) Methods: A systematic review was carried out using the MEDLINE, ProQuest, and Scopus databases. The information about mobile applications for informal caregivers was analyzed. This review examined studies published between January 2011 and July 2020 in English. The data extracted from each paper included the development of the mobile application, if that application was assessed considering the caregivers’ needs, functions of the mobile application, measures for evaluating caregivers’ needs, measures for evaluating the effectiveness of the mobile application, and the main results obtained. (3) Results: Eleven studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The most common functions of the apps were summaries with information about the person they care for, educational information, resources and services for caregivers, solutions to common problems during care, and questionnaires to assess caregivers’ well-being. Most of these studies assessed caregivers’ needs before designing mobile applications to adapt them to the needs of their users. (4) Conclusions: Mobile applications for caregivers appear to provide solutions for them. Moreover, the effectiveness of these apps will depend largely on whether their characteristics match users’ needs. Current studies have shown the poor quality of evidence. View Full-Text
Keywords: caregivers; informal caregivers; mobile applications; telemedicine; mHealth caregivers; informal caregivers; mobile applications; telemedicine; mHealth
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sala-González, M.; Pérez-Jover, V.; Guilabert, M.; Mira, J.J. Mobile Apps for Helping Informal Caregivers: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1702. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041702

AMA Style

Sala-González M, Pérez-Jover V, Guilabert M, Mira JJ. Mobile Apps for Helping Informal Caregivers: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1702. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041702

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sala-González, Marina, Virtudes Pérez-Jover, Mercedes Guilabert, and José J. Mira. 2021. "Mobile Apps for Helping Informal Caregivers: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1702. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041702

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