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Review

The Impact of Menstrual Cycle Phase on Athletes’ Performance: A Narrative Review

1
Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity (ARENA), Allied Health and Human Performance, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
2
Adelaide Medical School and Robinson Research Institute, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
3
Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventative Medicine, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul B. Tchounwou, Eusebio Chiefari and Alessandra Casuccio
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1667; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041667
Received: 23 December 2020 / Revised: 5 February 2021 / Accepted: 5 February 2021 / Published: 9 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Trends in Health and Disease)
The effect of the menstrual cycle on physical performance is being increasingly recognised as a key consideration for women’s sport and a critical field for further research. This narrative review explores the findings of studies investigating the effects of menstrual cycle phase on perceived and objectively measured performance in an athletic population. Studies examining perceived performance consistently report that female athletes identify their performance to be relatively worse during the early follicular and late luteal phases. Studies examining objective performance (using anaerobic, aerobic or strength-related tests) do not report clear, consistent effects of the impact of menstrual cycle phase on physical performance. Overall sport performance can be influenced by both perceived and physical factors. Hence, to optimise performance and management of eumenorrheic female athletes, there is a need for further research to quantify the impact of menstrual cycle phase on perceived and physical performance outcomes and to identify factors affecting variability in objective performance outcomes between studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: sport; menstruation; female sport; menstruation; female
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carmichael, M.A.; Thomson, R.L.; Moran, L.J.; Wycherley, T.P. The Impact of Menstrual Cycle Phase on Athletes’ Performance: A Narrative Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1667. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041667

AMA Style

Carmichael MA, Thomson RL, Moran LJ, Wycherley TP. The Impact of Menstrual Cycle Phase on Athletes’ Performance: A Narrative Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1667. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041667

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carmichael, Mikaeli A., Rebecca L. Thomson, Lisa J. Moran, and Thomas P. Wycherley 2021. "The Impact of Menstrual Cycle Phase on Athletes’ Performance: A Narrative Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1667. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041667

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