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Functional-Belief-Based Alcohol Use Questionnaire (FBAQ) as a Pre-Screening Tool for High-Risk Drinking Behaviors among Young Adults: A Northern Thai Cross-Sectional Survey Analysis

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Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
2
Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
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Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Clinical Statistics, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
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Musculoskeletal Science and Translational Research (MSTR) Cluster, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1536; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041536
Received: 7 January 2021 / Revised: 28 January 2021 / Accepted: 2 February 2021 / Published: 5 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research on Alcohol Culture and Health Behavior)
Background: an alcohol-use disorders identification test (AUDIT) is a standard screening tool for high-risk drinking behavior. Standard drink calculation is difficult to comprehend and may lead to inaccurate estimates. This study intended to develop a practical pre-screening tool for the identification of high-risk drinkers among young adults. Methods: a cross-sectional survey was conducted in Northern Thailand from July 2016 to December 2016. Data was collected on relevant characteristics and health beliefs about drinking. The 12-month AUDIT was used as the reference standard. Logistic regression was used for the score derivation. The discriminative ability was measured with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AuROC). Result: a total of 1401 young adults were included. Of these, 791 people (56.5%) were current drinkers. Three functional-belief items were identified as independent predictors of high-risk drinking and were used to develop the functional-belief-based alcohol-use questionnaire (FBAQ). The FBAQ demonstrated an acceptable discriminative ability—AuROC 0.74 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.70, 0.77). Conclusion: The FBAQ contains only three simple belief questions and does not require unintelligible standard drink calculation. Implementing the FBAQ score and the AUDIT in a serial manner might be a more effective method in a mass-screening program for alcohol-use disorder in young adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: beliefs; behavior; alcohol use; AUDIT; standard drink; screening; young adult beliefs; behavior; alcohol use; AUDIT; standard drink; screening; young adult
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yingchankul, N.; Jiraporncharoen, W.; Pateekhum, C.; Jiraniramai, S.; Thaikla, K.; Angkurawaranon, C.; Phinyo, P. Functional-Belief-Based Alcohol Use Questionnaire (FBAQ) as a Pre-Screening Tool for High-Risk Drinking Behaviors among Young Adults: A Northern Thai Cross-Sectional Survey Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1536. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041536

AMA Style

Yingchankul N, Jiraporncharoen W, Pateekhum C, Jiraniramai S, Thaikla K, Angkurawaranon C, Phinyo P. Functional-Belief-Based Alcohol Use Questionnaire (FBAQ) as a Pre-Screening Tool for High-Risk Drinking Behaviors among Young Adults: A Northern Thai Cross-Sectional Survey Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1536. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041536

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yingchankul, Nalinee; Jiraporncharoen, Wichuda; Pateekhum, Chanapat; Jiraniramai, Surin; Thaikla, Kanittha; Angkurawaranon, Chaisiri; Phinyo, Phichayut. 2021. "Functional-Belief-Based Alcohol Use Questionnaire (FBAQ) as a Pre-Screening Tool for High-Risk Drinking Behaviors among Young Adults: A Northern Thai Cross-Sectional Survey Analysis" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 4: 1536. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041536

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