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Systematic Review

The Effects of Workplace Interventions on Low Back Pain in Workers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Campus Bio-Medico University of Rome, 00128 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Public Health, Section of Occupational Medicine, University of Naples Federico II, 80121 Naples, Italy
3
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Epidemiology and Hygiene, Italian Workers’ Compensation Authority (INAIL), 00078 Rome, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12614; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312614
Received: 15 October 2021 / Revised: 19 November 2021 / Accepted: 23 November 2021 / Published: 30 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low Back Pain (LBP))
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to analyze the effects of workplace interventions (WI) on clinical outcomes related to low back pain (LBP) in a worker population, and to assess socio-economic parameters as participants on sick leave, days of sick leave, and return to work following WI. A systematic literature search was performed to select randomized clinical trials that investigated the effectiveness of WI on return to work, sick leave, and working capacity of workers affected by nonspecific LBP. Fourteen articles were included in the review and meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed improvements in pain (p = 0.004), disability (p = 0.0008), fear-avoidance for psychical activity (p = 0.004), and quality of life (p = 0.001 for physical scale and p = 0.03 for mental scale) for patients who underwent WI compared to controls. Moreover, the pain reduction following WI was statistically significant in the healthcare workers’ group (p = 0.005), but not in the other workers’ group. The participants on sick leave and the number of days of sick leave decreased in the WI group without statistical significance (p = 0.85 and p = 0.10, respectively). Finally, LBP recurrence was significantly reduced in the WI group (p = 0.006). WI led to a significant improvement of clinical outcomes in a workers’ population affected by LBP. View Full-Text
Keywords: workplace interventions; low back pain; workers; work ability; systematic review; meta-analysis workplace interventions; low back pain; workers; work ability; systematic review; meta-analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Russo, F.; Papalia, G.F.; Vadalà, G.; Fontana, L.; Iavicoli, S.; Papalia, R.; Denaro, V. The Effects of Workplace Interventions on Low Back Pain in Workers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12614. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312614

AMA Style

Russo F, Papalia GF, Vadalà G, Fontana L, Iavicoli S, Papalia R, Denaro V. The Effects of Workplace Interventions on Low Back Pain in Workers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12614. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312614

Chicago/Turabian Style

Russo, Fabrizio, Giuseppe Francesco Papalia, Gianluca Vadalà, Luca Fontana, Sergio Iavicoli, Rocco Papalia, and Vincenzo Denaro. 2021. "The Effects of Workplace Interventions on Low Back Pain in Workers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12614. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312614

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