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Article

Anthropometric Measurements, Metabolic Profile and Physical Fitness in a Sample of Spanish Women with Type 2 Diabetes

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Physiotherapy Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, C/Domingo Miral s/n, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Specialty Medical Centre Grande Covián, SALUD, Avda. Alcalde Caballero, 196, 50014 Zaragoza, Spain
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Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallès, 08195 Barcelona, Spain
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Physiotherapy Research Unit, University of Zaragoza, C/Domingo Miral s/n, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ana López De Andrés
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(22), 11955; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211955
Received: 27 September 2021 / Revised: 3 November 2021 / Accepted: 11 November 2021 / Published: 14 November 2021
Background: Exercise training has proven to be effective for treatment of metabolic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aims of this study were to compare anthropometric measurements, metabolic profile and physical fitness between active and sedentary women with type 2 diabetes, and to analyse relationships between anthropometry and metabolic profile and components of physical fitness (balance, flexibility, strength and endurance). Methods: Cross-sectional research on 28 women with type 2 diabetes. Amount of daily physical activity, BMI, waist circumference, HbA1c, fibrinogen, hs-CRP, tiptoe dynamic balance, static balance, finger floor distance, abdominal, upper and lower limb strength and walking cardiovascular endurance were recorded. Results: Age: 58.5 ± 7.8. Overall, 16 subjects were physically active and 12 were sedentary. Active subjects had lower BMI (p = 0.033) and better cardiovascular endurance (p = 0.025). BMI and waist circumference were not influenced by any physical fitness component. HbA1c, fibrinogen and hs-CRP were related with worse dynamic balance (p = 0.036, 0.006 and 0.031, respectively). Conclusions: Active women had lower BMI and showed a better performance in cardiovascular endurance. Tiptoe dynamic balance impairments were related to worse glycaemic control, hypercoagulation and inflammatory state. View Full-Text
Keywords: type 2 diabetes; exercise training; cardiovascular risk; endocrinology type 2 diabetes; exercise training; cardiovascular risk; endocrinology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lucha-López, M.O.; Vidal-Peracho, C.; Hidalgo-García, C.; Rodríguez-Sanz, J.; Tricás-Vidal, H.; Hernández-Secorún, M.; Monti-Ballano, S.; Tricás-Moreno, J.M.; Lucha-López, A.C. Anthropometric Measurements, Metabolic Profile and Physical Fitness in a Sample of Spanish Women with Type 2 Diabetes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11955. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211955

AMA Style

Lucha-López MO, Vidal-Peracho C, Hidalgo-García C, Rodríguez-Sanz J, Tricás-Vidal H, Hernández-Secorún M, Monti-Ballano S, Tricás-Moreno JM, Lucha-López AC. Anthropometric Measurements, Metabolic Profile and Physical Fitness in a Sample of Spanish Women with Type 2 Diabetes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(22):11955. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211955

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lucha-López, María O., Concepción Vidal-Peracho, César Hidalgo-García, Jacobo Rodríguez-Sanz, Héctor Tricás-Vidal, Mar Hernández-Secorún, Sofía Monti-Ballano, José M. Tricás-Moreno, and Ana C. Lucha-López. 2021. "Anthropometric Measurements, Metabolic Profile and Physical Fitness in a Sample of Spanish Women with Type 2 Diabetes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 22: 11955. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211955

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