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Preliminary Assessment of COVID-19 Implications for the Water and Sanitation Sector in Latin America and the Caribbean

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Intergovernmental Hydrological Programme (IHP), UNESCO Regional Office, Montevideo 11200, Uruguay
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Regional Water and Sanitation Technical Team (ETRAS), Pan American Health Organization, PAHO, Lima 15038, Peru
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Climate Change and Environmental Determinants of Health Unit, Pan American Health Organization, PAHO/WHO, Washington, DC 20037, USA
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René Rachou Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Belo Horizonte 30190-009, MG, Brazil
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National Water Commission (CONAGUA), Mexico City 04340, Mexico
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Health Protection Department, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
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Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, St. George’s University, St. George’s P.O. Box 7, West Indies, Grenada
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11703; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111703
Received: 10 May 2021 / Revised: 12 June 2021 / Accepted: 12 July 2021 / Published: 8 November 2021
COVID-19 has had a severe impact on human health, as well as in social and economic terms, with implications for the management and governance of the water and sanitation sector. These implications are evident in Latin America and the Caribbean due to existing challenges the region faces in accessing water and sanitation services. In spite of significant advances, around 65 million people in the LAC region currently lack appropriate access to water and soap to wash their hands—one of the most basic measures to prevent the spread of disease. Furthermore, social and economic vulnerabilities have exacerbated the effects of the pandemic in the region, particularly among those living in poverty. The COVID-19 pandemic thus requires the mobilization of frameworks such as the human rights to water and sanitation, specifically considering the region’s realities. This paper provides a review of some of the challenges currently faced in the region and advances a series of recommendations for enhancing access to water, sanitation and hygiene. The importance of effective governance, management and communication strategies in the water provisioning sector is highlighted in the context of the pandemic, and the role of science and research for adequate decision making is emphasized. View Full-Text
Keywords: water and sanitation; COVID-19 pandemic water and sanitation; COVID-19 pandemic
MDPI and ACS Style

de França Doria, M.; Segurado, P.; Korc, M.; Heller, L.; Jimenez Cisneros, B.; Hunter, P.R.; Forde, M. Preliminary Assessment of COVID-19 Implications for the Water and Sanitation Sector in Latin America and the Caribbean. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11703. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111703

AMA Style

de França Doria M, Segurado P, Korc M, Heller L, Jimenez Cisneros B, Hunter PR, Forde M. Preliminary Assessment of COVID-19 Implications for the Water and Sanitation Sector in Latin America and the Caribbean. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11703. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111703

Chicago/Turabian Style

de França Doria, Miguel, Patricia Segurado, Marcelo Korc, Leo Heller, Blanca Jimenez Cisneros, Paul R. Hunter, and Martin Forde. 2021. "Preliminary Assessment of COVID-19 Implications for the Water and Sanitation Sector in Latin America and the Caribbean" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11703. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111703

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