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Article

The Role of Controlled Motivation in the Self-Esteem of Adolescent Students in Physical Education Classes

1
Department of Physical Activity and Sport, CEI Campus Mare Nostrum, University of Murcia, Santiago de la Ribera, 30720 Murcia, Spain
2
Sport Research Center, Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Avda. de la Universidad, s/n, 03202 Elche, Spain
3
Department of Psychology, Sociology and Social Work, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, C/Santa Juana de Arco, 1, 35004 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
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Department of Education, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, C/Santa Juana de Arco, 1, 35004 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
5
Sport Research Center, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Avda. de la Universidad, s/n, 03202 Elche, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Adilson Marques
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11602; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111602
Received: 7 September 2021 / Revised: 26 October 2021 / Accepted: 1 November 2021 / Published: 4 November 2021
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyse the relationships between the satisfaction of psychological basic needs, physical education, academic controlling motivation, and self-esteem, and to propose a prediction model in line with the postulates from the hierarchical model found in the self-determination theory. The participants were 618 physical education students from primary and secondary school (317 girls and 301 boys) aged between 10 and 14 years old (M = 11.62; SD = 0.94). The questionnaires basic psychological needs in exercise measurement scale (BPNES), perceived locus of causality scale (PLOC), the academic motivation scale (EME), and physical self-perception profile (PSPP) were used to measure the studied variables. The results showed that autonomy and relatedness significantly and negatively predicted physical education controlling motivation, which predicted a positive and significant academic controlling motivation. This, in turn, negatively and significantly predicted self-esteem. It is concluded that it is essential to avoid controlling motivation to promote the development of a positive self-perception in students. View Full-Text
Keywords: school; teaching; behaviours; competence; autonomy; relatedness; psychological needs school; teaching; behaviours; competence; autonomy; relatedness; psychological needs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Valero-Valenzuela, A.; Huéscar, E.; Núñez, J.L.; León, J.; Conte, L.; Moreno-Murcia, J.A. The Role of Controlled Motivation in the Self-Esteem of Adolescent Students in Physical Education Classes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11602. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111602

AMA Style

Valero-Valenzuela A, Huéscar E, Núñez JL, León J, Conte L, Moreno-Murcia JA. The Role of Controlled Motivation in the Self-Esteem of Adolescent Students in Physical Education Classes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11602. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111602

Chicago/Turabian Style

Valero-Valenzuela, Alfonso, Elisa Huéscar, Juan L. Núñez, Jaime León, Luis Conte, and Juan A. Moreno-Murcia. 2021. "The Role of Controlled Motivation in the Self-Esteem of Adolescent Students in Physical Education Classes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11602. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111602

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