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Article

Effect of Eight-Month Exercise Intervention on Bone Outcomes of Young Opioid-Dependent Women

Center for Information Technology of Sports and Health, Institute of Intelligent Machines, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Hefei 230031, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Icro Maremman and Maurice Dematteis
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11336; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111336
Received: 30 September 2021 / Revised: 18 October 2021 / Accepted: 24 October 2021 / Published: 28 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Opioids: A Challenge to Public Health)
Objective: To evaluate the bone response to an 8 month aerobic gymnastics training program in young opioid-addicted women. Design: Randomized controlled trial (parallel design). Setting: Women’s Specific Drug Rehabilitation Center in China. Patients: One hundred and two young women with low bone quality and previous opioid addiction were divided into two groups: (a) the low bone quality intervention experimental group (n = 55; age: 30.3 ± 6.1) and (b) the low bone quality observed control group (observation group; n = 47; age: 29.0 ± 5.3). Interventions: The intervention group took aerobic gymnastics regularly for 80 min/d and 5 d/wk for 8 months and completed follow-up testing. Main Outcome Measures: Substance use history and other life habits affecting bone quality were assessed by questionnaire-based interviews. Bone quality (stiffness-index, T-score, Z-score) was examined with quantitative ultrasound. Anthropometric characteristics (body weight, fat-free mass, fat mass) were obtained by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Results: After the 8 month intervention, the stiffness index of bone quality increased significantly (before: 82 ± 6, after: 108 ± 14, p < 0.05) in the experimental group. However, the bone quality did not change significantly in the controls (before: 79 ± 10, after: 77 ± 13, p > 0.05). The bone change in the difference group was significant (experimental group: 31.7% vs observation group: -0.03%). Fat mass decreased in the experimental group (experimental group: before: 19.6 ± 3.7 kg, after: 18.8 ± 4.0 kg, p < 0.05). Meanwhile, the change in fat-free mass was the determination of the change in bone quality in the experimental group. Conclusions: Our results suggested that aerobic gymnastics intervention can be an effective strategy for the prevention and treatment of drug-induced osteoporosis in detoxification addicts. View Full-Text
Keywords: drug abuse; exercise intervention; bone quality; body composition drug abuse; exercise intervention; bone quality; body composition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ding, Z.; Ma, Z.; Yang, X.; Sun, Y. Effect of Eight-Month Exercise Intervention on Bone Outcomes of Young Opioid-Dependent Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11336. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111336

AMA Style

Ding Z, Ma Z, Yang X, Sun Y. Effect of Eight-Month Exercise Intervention on Bone Outcomes of Young Opioid-Dependent Women. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11336. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111336

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ding, Zenghui, Zuchang Ma, Xianjun Yang, and Yining Sun. 2021. "Effect of Eight-Month Exercise Intervention on Bone Outcomes of Young Opioid-Dependent Women" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11336. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111336

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