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Article

Mental Health Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic Long-Term Exposure in Italian Dermatologists

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Department of Medicine and Aging Sciences, University “G. d’Annunzio” of Chieti-Pescara, 66100 Chieti, Italy
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Ambulatory of Medical and Surgical Dermatology Belluno, 32100 Belluno, Italy
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Department of Dermatology, Hospital “A. Manzoni”, 23100 Lecco, Italy
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Dermatology Unit, General Hospital “Cristo Re”, 00100 Rome, Italy
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Dermatology Unit, General Hospital “Belcolle”, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
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Department of Dermatology, Macerata Hospital, 62100 Macerata, Italy
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“Don Bosco” Medical Center, 55049 Viareggio, Italy
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Department of Emergency, Burn Center and Dermatology, “M. Bufalini” Hospital, 47100 Cesena, Italy
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Unit of Dermatological Diseases, ASST “Sette Laghi”, Hospital of “Circolo”, 21100 Varese, Italy
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Ambulatory of Medical and Surgical Dermatology Venice, 30100 Venice, Italy
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Department of Dermatology, University of Parma, 43100 Parma, Italy
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Clinic of Dermatology, Central Hospital of Bolzano, 39100 Bolzano, Italy
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Department of Health Science, Section of Dermatology, University of Florence, 50121 Florence, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Thomas Volken and Annina Zysset
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11239; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111239
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 3 October 2021 / Accepted: 5 October 2021 / Published: 26 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue COVID-19 Pandemics: Impact on Health Care and Health Care Professions)
The present study aimed at assessing the consequences of prolonged exposure to COVID-19 distress on mental health in non-frontline health care workers. For this purpose, we have conducted a survey on 425 Italian dermatologists, in the period February–March 2021. The psychopathological symptoms, depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSD), as well as resilience, have been evaluated. The main factors that influence the physician’s psychological health have been also investigated. Our study showed that the physicians older than 40 years, as well as those who lived this period in company, reported more personal resources, better managing the distress. Resilience, COVID-19 beliefs, COVID-19 working difficulties, and age were the common predictors of the severe psychopathological symptoms. An interesting result is that the lower level of resilience was the most powerful predictor of a more severe depression, as well as of a higher severity of generalized anxiety disorder, but not of COVID-19 PTSD. The fear of COVID-19 was the most powerful predictor of COVID-19 PTSD. Home conditions and previous SARS-CoV2 infection constituted significant predictors of severe depressive symptoms, but not of anxiety and COVID-19 PTSD. These results are useful in a better understanding of protective and risk factors involved in COVID-19 long-term distress exposure. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; depression; anxiety; post-traumatic distress; resilience COVID-19; depression; anxiety; post-traumatic distress; resilience
MDPI and ACS Style

Ciuluvica, C.; Gualdi, G.; Dal Canton, M.; Fantini, F.; Paradisi, A.; Sbano, P.; Simonacci, M.; Dusi, D.; Vezzoni, G.M.; D’Acunto, C.; Lombardo, M.; Zanchi, M.; Alfredo, Z.; Eisendle, K.; Prignano, F.; Amerio, P. Mental Health Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic Long-Term Exposure in Italian Dermatologists. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11239. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111239

AMA Style

Ciuluvica C, Gualdi G, Dal Canton M, Fantini F, Paradisi A, Sbano P, Simonacci M, Dusi D, Vezzoni GM, D’Acunto C, Lombardo M, Zanchi M, Alfredo Z, Eisendle K, Prignano F, Amerio P. Mental Health Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic Long-Term Exposure in Italian Dermatologists. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11239. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111239

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ciuluvica, Cristina, Giulio Gualdi, Marco Dal Canton, Fabrizio Fantini, Andrea Paradisi, Paolo Sbano, Marco Simonacci, Daniele Dusi, Gian M. Vezzoni, Carmine D’Acunto, Maurizio Lombardo, Malvina Zanchi, Zucchi Alfredo, Klaus Eisendle, Francesca Prignano, and Paolo Amerio. 2021. "Mental Health Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic Long-Term Exposure in Italian Dermatologists" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11239. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111239

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