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Article

Validation of the Arabic and French Versions of a Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Questionnaire on Tranquilizer Misuse

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
2
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBER-ESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
3
Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
4
PROMENTA Research Center, Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, 0315 Oslo, Norway
5
Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Science and Technology, Beirut 1100, Lebanon
6
Institut National de Santé Publique, Epidémiologie Clinique et Toxicologie (INSPECT-LB), Beirut 1100, Lebanon
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11144; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111144
Received: 31 August 2021 / Revised: 19 October 2021 / Accepted: 21 October 2021 / Published: 23 October 2021
Tranquilizer misuse is an emerging international public health concern. The psychosocial determinants of this misuse remain understudied. Instruments to measure the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) of tranquilizer misuse are unavailable, except for a recently published questionnaire validated in the Spanish language. We translated the KAP questionnaire into Arabic and French, adapted it and undertook a complete validation procedure in the general adult population in Lebanon. The content validity indicators were good: item content validity index ranged between 0.89 and 1.00, the content validity index scale average was ≥0.95 and the modified Kappa statistic for each of the KAP items was equal to I-CVI. The intra-class correlation coefficient values (n = 100) were ≥0.62 for all Knowledge and Attitudes items, demonstrating the item reliability. Confirmatory factorial analysis (n = 1450) showed that the selected model of Knowledge and Attitude constructs has adequate fit indicators and encompassed three factors that showed acceptable internal reliability: Knowledge (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.72), personal Attitudes towards tranquilizers (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.79) and Attitudes towards healthcare providers (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.65). The Arabic/French questionnaire was highly accepted, with a response rate of 95.72% and item non-response rate ≤3.6%. The availability of a cross-cultural adapted and multilingual validated questionnaire would stimulate research on tranquilizer misuse. View Full-Text
Keywords: Arabic; French; knowledge; attitudes and practices; misuse; questionnaire validation; tranquilizers Arabic; French; knowledge; attitudes and practices; misuse; questionnaire validation; tranquilizers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mallah, N.; Rodríguez-Cano, R.; Badro, D.A.; Figueiras, A.; Caamaño-Isorna, F.; Takkouche, B. Validation of the Arabic and French Versions of a Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Questionnaire on Tranquilizer Misuse. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11144. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111144

AMA Style

Mallah N, Rodríguez-Cano R, Badro DA, Figueiras A, Caamaño-Isorna F, Takkouche B. Validation of the Arabic and French Versions of a Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Questionnaire on Tranquilizer Misuse. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11144. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111144

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mallah, Narmeen, Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Danielle A. Badro, Adolfo Figueiras, Francisco Caamaño-Isorna, and Bahi Takkouche. 2021. "Validation of the Arabic and French Versions of a Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Questionnaire on Tranquilizer Misuse" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11144. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111144

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