Next Article in Journal
Effects of a Home-Based Exercise Intervention (E-Fit) on Bone Density, Muscle Function, and Quality of Life in Girls with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
Previous Article in Journal
“Nobody Listened”. Mothers’ Experiences and Needs Regarding Professional Support Prior to Their Admission to an Infant Mental Health Day Clinic
Article

Anemia among Men in Malaysia: A Population-Based Survey in 2019

1
Centre for Occupational Health Research, Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Setia Alam 40170, Malaysia
2
Centre for Family Health Research, Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Setia Alam 40170, Malaysia
3
Centre for Nutrition Epidemiology Research, Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Setia Alam 40170, Malaysia
4
Department of Dietetic & Food Service, Hospital Umum Sarawak, Kuching 93586, Malaysia
5
Centre for Burden of Disease Research, Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Setia Alam 40170, Malaysia
6
Centre for Non-Communicable Diseases Research, Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Setia Alam 40170, Malaysia
7
Director Office, Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Setia Alam 40170, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10922; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010922
Received: 27 August 2021 / Revised: 6 October 2021 / Accepted: 12 October 2021 / Published: 17 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of anemia and factors associated with anemia among men in Malaysia. The researchers used data from the 2019 National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS). The hemoglobin levels of men aged 15 years and above who gave their consent was measured using the HemoCue® Hb 201+ System©. The majority of them (87.2%) were men aged 15–59 years, referred to as the younger age group in this study. The prevalence of anemia among men was 12.6% (95% confidence interval (CI): 10.9, 14.5). The prevalence was higher among older men (30.7%; 95% CI: 26.6, 35.1) than younger men (10.0%; 95% CI: 8.2, 12.2). Anemia among men was associated with older age (adjusted odds ratios (aOR) = 3.1; 95% CI: 2.1, 4.4) and those with diabetes (aOR = 1.5; 95% CI: 1.2, 2.1) via a logistic regression analysis. In conclusion, older men were more affected by anemia than younger men in this study. Anemia among older men in Malaysia is at the level of moderate to severe public health significance. The likelihood of developing anemia is increased among older men with diabetes compared to older men without diabetes. These often-overlooked issues among men need to be detected and treated early in order to prevent complications and improve their quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: anemia; population-based; men; Malaysia; hemoglobin anemia; population-based; men; Malaysia; hemoglobin
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Awaluddin, S.M.; Shahein, N.A.; Che Abdul Rahim, N.; Mohd Zaki, N.A.; Nasaruddin, N.H.; Saminathan, T.A.; Alias, N.; Ganapathy, S.S.; Ahmad, N.A. Anemia among Men in Malaysia: A Population-Based Survey in 2019. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10922. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010922

AMA Style

Awaluddin SM, Shahein NA, Che Abdul Rahim N, Mohd Zaki NA, Nasaruddin NH, Saminathan TA, Alias N, Ganapathy SS, Ahmad NA. Anemia among Men in Malaysia: A Population-Based Survey in 2019. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10922. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010922

Chicago/Turabian Style

Awaluddin, S M., Nik A. Shahein, Norsyamlina Che Abdul Rahim, Nor A. Mohd Zaki, Nur H. Nasaruddin, Thamil A. Saminathan, Nazirah Alias, Shubash S. Ganapathy, and Noor A. Ahmad 2021. "Anemia among Men in Malaysia: A Population-Based Survey in 2019" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10922. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010922

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop