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Article

Association between Dietary Patterns and Frailty Prevalence in Shanghai Suburban Elders: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety of Ministry of Education, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
2
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Shanghai Business School, Shanghai 200235, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10852; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010852
Received: 18 September 2021 / Revised: 11 October 2021 / Accepted: 13 October 2021 / Published: 15 October 2021
Objective: To investigate the association between dietary patterns with frailty phenotypes in an elderly Chinese population. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 780 Shanghai suburban elders aged 65–74 in 2019. Dietary data were collected using a food frequency questionnaire. Adherence to a priori dietary patterns, including the Chinese Healthy Eating Index (CHEI), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and Mediterranean Diet (MD) were calculated. Three a posteriori dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis, namely, “protein-rich”; “vegetables”; and “sugar, oil, and condiments”. Frailty was defined using the Fried frailty phenotype scale. Ordinal multiple logistic regression was applied to examine the associations between dietary patterns and frailty prevalence. Results: The prevalences of pre-frailty and frailty were 47.69% and 3.85%, respectively. Participants with a higher DASH score had a lower frailty prevalence in the sex- and age-adjusted models of the 780 subjects (OR = 0.97 (95% CI: 0.94–0.99), p < 0.05). The association slightly strengthened in the multivariate adjusted model of the 555 subjects after excluding the participants with chronic diseases may influence frailty (OR = 0.96 (95% CI: 0.92–1.00), p < 0.05). High “protein-rich” dietary pattern scores were negatively associated with frailty prevalence in the multivariate adjusted model of the 780 subjects (OR = 0.82 (95% CI: 0.69–0.98), p < 0.05). The association attenuated in the sex- and age-adjusted model of the 555 subjects (OR = 0.84 (95% CI: 0.69–1.00, p = 0.056). Conclusion: A better diet quality as characterized by DASH and “protein-rich” was associated with a reduced prevalence of frailty in Shanghai suburban elders. The correlation of CHEI, MD or a posteriori dietary patterns with the development of frailty in Chinese older people remains to be explored. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary pattern; elderly; frailty; DASH; Chinese dietary pattern; elderly; frailty; DASH; Chinese
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Huang, Y.; Wu, H.; He, G.; Li, S.; Chen, B. Association between Dietary Patterns and Frailty Prevalence in Shanghai Suburban Elders: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10852. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010852

AMA Style

Wang Y, Huang Y, Wu H, He G, Li S, Chen B. Association between Dietary Patterns and Frailty Prevalence in Shanghai Suburban Elders: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10852. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010852

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Yingchuan, Yue Huang, Han Wu, Gengsheng He, Shuguang Li, and Bo Chen. 2021. "Association between Dietary Patterns and Frailty Prevalence in Shanghai Suburban Elders: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10852. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010852

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