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Review

A Critical Review of Symptom Management Nursing Science on HIV-Related Fatigue and Sleep Disturbance

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Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
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School of Nursing, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
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School of Nursing, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10685; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010685
Received: 3 September 2021 / Revised: 28 September 2021 / Accepted: 30 September 2021 / Published: 12 October 2021
Despite improved antiretroviral treatments, people living with HIV (PLWH) continue to suffer from HIV-related fatigue and sleep disturbances. We first reviewed the definition, etiology, and research breakthroughs of HIV-related fatigue and sleep disturbances, then analyzed nurse-led symptom management studies to describe their efficacy and make recommendations for future symptom research. We searched PubMed, CINAHL, PsycInfo, Psych and Behavioral Sciences Collection, and Scopus to identify nurse-led studies on symptom management for PLWH in the past 20 years. A total of 13 experimental or quasi-experimental studies were identified. The types of interventions included exercise, cognitive behavioral therapy, coaching, and symptom management manualized self-care activities. Currently, we cannot recommend with certainty any of the tested symptom management strategies to reduce fatigue or sleep disturbances. The current findings need to be confirmed and expanded to understand optimal dosing and sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: fatigue; HIV; interventions; nursing; sleep disturbances; symptom management fatigue; HIV; interventions; nursing; sleep disturbances; symptom management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Voss, J.G.; Barroso, J.; Wang, T. A Critical Review of Symptom Management Nursing Science on HIV-Related Fatigue and Sleep Disturbance. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10685. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010685

AMA Style

Voss JG, Barroso J, Wang T. A Critical Review of Symptom Management Nursing Science on HIV-Related Fatigue and Sleep Disturbance. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10685. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010685

Chicago/Turabian Style

Voss, Joachim G., Julie Barroso, and Tongyao Wang. 2021. "A Critical Review of Symptom Management Nursing Science on HIV-Related Fatigue and Sleep Disturbance" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10685. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010685

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