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Article

Association of Pesticides and Kidney Function among Adults in the US Population 2001–2010

1
School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4006, Australia
2
Department of Strategy Planning, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Banqiao District, New Taipei City 22060, Taiwan
3
Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine (AITHM), James Cook University, Townsville 4870, Australia
4
European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter, Truro TR1 3HD, UK
5
School of Population Health, University of NSW, Kensington 2052, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(19), 10249; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910249
Received: 17 August 2021 / Revised: 21 September 2021 / Accepted: 26 September 2021 / Published: 29 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Chronic kidney disease of unknown cause is prevalent in a range of communities; however, its etiology remains unclear. We examined the association between pesticide exposures and the risk of kidney function loss using four waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to identify a pathological pathway. We pooled data from four cross-sectional waves of NHANES, with 41,847 participants in total. Exposure to malathion increased the risk of low kidney function (aOR = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.01–1.56) in the adjusted model. Increased risk of low kidney function was not found among those exposed to 2,4-D (aOR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.72–1.09), 3,5,6-trichloropyridinol (aOR = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.83–1.12), and 3-PBA (aOR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.94–1.13). Our findings provide evidence of altered kidney function in people exposed to malathion, highlighting the potential of organophosphate pesticides’ role in renal injury. View Full-Text
Keywords: pesticides; organophosphate insecticide; malathion; kidney function; NHANES pesticides; organophosphate insecticide; malathion; kidney function; NHANES
MDPI and ACS Style

Wan, E.-T.; Darssan, D.; Karatela, S.; Reid, S.A.; Osborne, N.J. Association of Pesticides and Kidney Function among Adults in the US Population 2001–2010. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10249. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910249

AMA Style

Wan E-T, Darssan D, Karatela S, Reid SA, Osborne NJ. Association of Pesticides and Kidney Function among Adults in the US Population 2001–2010. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(19):10249. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910249

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wan, En-Tzu, Darsy Darssan, Shamshad Karatela, Simon A. Reid, and Nicholas John Osborne. 2021. "Association of Pesticides and Kidney Function among Adults in the US Population 2001–2010" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 19: 10249. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910249

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