Next Article in Journal
Loneliness among Middle-Aged and Older Middle-Aged Adults in Russia (Saint Petersburg) before and during COVID-19 Pandemic
Next Article in Special Issue
The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Occupational Stress in Restaurant Work: A Qualitative Study
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis of Factors Affecting Depression in Older Adults in South Korea
Previous Article in Special Issue
The COVID-19 Clinician Cohort (CoCCo) Study: Empirically Grounded Recommendations for Forward-Facing Psychological Care of Frontline Doctors
Article

A One-Year Prospective Study of Work-Related Mental Health in the Intensivists of a COVID-19 Hub Hospital

1
Postgraduate School of Occupational Medicine, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Woman/Child & Public Health, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Emergency, Anesthesiology and Resuscitation Sciences, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9888; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189888
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 13 September 2021 / Accepted: 19 September 2021 / Published: 20 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Health and Wellbeing during and beyond COVID-19)
The COVID-19 pandemic has severely tested the physical and mental health of health care workers (HCWs). The various stages of the epidemic have posed different problems; consequently, only a prospective study can effectively describe the changes in the workers’ health. This repeated cross-sectional study is based on a one-year investigation (spring 2020 to spring 2021) of intensive care physicians in one of the two COVID-19 hub hospitals in Central Italy and aims to study the evolution of the mental health status of intensivists during the pandemic. Changes in their work activity due to the pandemic were studied anonymously together with their perception of organisational justice, occupational stress, sleep quality, anxiety, depression, burnout, job satisfaction, happiness, and intention to quit. In May–June 2021, one year after the baseline, doctors reported an increased workload, isolation at work and in their social life, a lack of time for physical activity and meditation, and compassion fatigue. Stress was inversely associated with the perception of justice in safety procedures and directly correlated with work isolation. Occupational stress was significantly associated with anxiety, depression, burnout, dissatisfaction, and their intention to quit. Procedural justice was significantly associated with happiness. Doctors believed vaccinations would help control the problem; however, this positive attitude had not yet resulted in improved mental health. Doctors reported high levels of distress (73%), sleep problems (28%), anxiety (25%), and depression (64%). Interventions to correct the situation are urgently needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: longitudinal study; emergency; infectious disease; organisational justice; stress; loneliness; compassion fatigue; meditation; prayer; insomnia; mental health; anaesthetists; occupational health longitudinal study; emergency; infectious disease; organisational justice; stress; loneliness; compassion fatigue; meditation; prayer; insomnia; mental health; anaesthetists; occupational health
MDPI and ACS Style

Magnavita, N.; Soave, P.M.; Antonelli, M. A One-Year Prospective Study of Work-Related Mental Health in the Intensivists of a COVID-19 Hub Hospital. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9888. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189888

AMA Style

Magnavita N, Soave PM, Antonelli M. A One-Year Prospective Study of Work-Related Mental Health in the Intensivists of a COVID-19 Hub Hospital. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9888. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189888

Chicago/Turabian Style

Magnavita, Nicola, Paolo M. Soave, and Massimo Antonelli. 2021. "A One-Year Prospective Study of Work-Related Mental Health in the Intensivists of a COVID-19 Hub Hospital" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9888. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189888

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop