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Characteristics of Home-Visit Nursing Agencies That Closed after the 2012 Fee Revision for Home-Visit Nursing Services: A Nationwide Panel Data Analysis in Japan

Graduate School of Health Care Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan
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Academic Editor: Florian Fischer
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9820; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189820
Received: 3 August 2021 / Revised: 9 September 2021 / Accepted: 15 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
Despite the 2012 fee revision raising fees for home-visit nursing services to increase their supply in Japan, 300 to 500 home-visit nursing agencies (VNA) are still being closed annually. This study aims to identify the regional and organizational characteristics of the VNAs that closed after the 2012 fee revision. A longitudinal observational study was conducted using nationwide panel data of VNAs from 2014 to 2017 (N = 6496). Multiple logistic regression models stratified by years of operation were used for the analysis. We identified 821 closed agencies (12.6%). In this study, many important factors related to VNA closures were found. In the less than three years group, there were regional factors (lower aging rate and larger number of clinics) and an organizational factor (higher proportion of users under 40 years of age). In the 3–14 years group, there was a regional factor (larger number of clinics) and organizational factors (smaller number of FTE nurses, smaller number of users per FTE nurse, and smaller number of medical care types that can be provided). In the over 15 years group, there was an organizational factor (smaller number of FTE nurses). The findings provide valuable insights for policymakers in avoiding VNA closures. View Full-Text
Keywords: agency closure; home care agencies; home-visit nursing agencies; home health nursing; home-visit nursing; long-term care; long-term care insurance system; market competition; panel data agency closure; home care agencies; home-visit nursing agencies; home health nursing; home-visit nursing; long-term care; long-term care insurance system; market competition; panel data
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kashiwagi, M.; Morioka, N. Characteristics of Home-Visit Nursing Agencies That Closed after the 2012 Fee Revision for Home-Visit Nursing Services: A Nationwide Panel Data Analysis in Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9820. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189820

AMA Style

Kashiwagi M, Morioka N. Characteristics of Home-Visit Nursing Agencies That Closed after the 2012 Fee Revision for Home-Visit Nursing Services: A Nationwide Panel Data Analysis in Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9820. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189820

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kashiwagi, Masayo, and Noriko Morioka. 2021. "Characteristics of Home-Visit Nursing Agencies That Closed after the 2012 Fee Revision for Home-Visit Nursing Services: A Nationwide Panel Data Analysis in Japan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9820. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189820

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