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Article

Evaluation of Capillary Blood Gases in Medical Personnel Caring for Patients Isolated Due to SARS-CoV-2 in Intensive Care Units before and after Using Enhanced Filtration Masks: A Prospective Cohort Study

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Department of Anaesthesiology Nursing and Intensive Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Gdańsk, Dębinki 7, 80-211 Gdańsk, Poland
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Department of Medical Rescue, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Gdańsk, Dębinki 7, 80-211 Gdańsk, Poland
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Department of Public Health & Social Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-211 Gdańsk, Poland
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Department of Internal and Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Gdańsk, Dębinki 7, 80-211 Gdańsk, Poland
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Department of Immunobiology and Environment Microbiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Gdańsk, Dębinki 7, 80-211 Gdańsk, Poland
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Institute of Health Sciences, College of Medical Sciences of the University of Rzeszow, St. Warzywna1A, 35-310 Rzeszow, Poland
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Department of Laboratory Diagnostics, Nicolaus Copernicus University of Toruń, Collegium Medicum im. L. Rydygier in Bydgoszcz, Jagiellońska 13/15, 85-067 Bydgoszcz, Poland
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Division of Hyperbaric Medicine & Maritime Rescue—National Centre for Hyperbaric Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Gdańsk, Powstania Styczniowego 9b, 81-519 Gdynia, Poland
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Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Rabka-Zdrój Branch, ul. Prof. Jana Rudnika 3B, 34-700 Rabka-Zdrój, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9425; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189425
Received: 15 July 2021 / Revised: 30 August 2021 / Accepted: 3 September 2021 / Published: 7 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment and Patient Safety in Intensive Care Units)
The dynamically changing epidemiological situation caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus is associated with the increased burden and fatigue of medical personnel. The aim of the study was to evaluate: (1) oxygen and carbon dioxide blood pressure and saturation levels in medical personnel caring for patients isolated due to SARS-CoV-2 in ICUs; (2) adverse symptoms reported by medical personnel after leaving the isolation zone. Design: A Prospective Cohort Study. Methods: The project was implemented in the first quarter of 2021. Medical personnel working with patients isolated due to SARS-CoV-2 in the ICU of three hospitals were eligible for the study. The participants of the study were subjected to two analyses of capillary blood by a laboratory diagnostician. Results: In the studied group of medical personnel (n = 110) using FFP2/FFP3 masks, no significant differences (p > 0.05) were found between the parameters of geometric examination performed before and after leaving the isolation ward of the hospital. After working in the isolation ward, nurses reported malaise (somnolence, fatigue, sweating, dizziness) more often than paramedics (44% vs. 9%; p = 0.00002). The risk of ill-being in nurses was approximately nine times higher than in paramedics (OR = 8.6; Cl 95%: 2.7 to 26.8) and increased with the age of the subjects (OR = 1.05; Cl 95%: 1.01 to 1.08). Conclusion: FFP2/FFP3 filter masks did not worsen blood oxygenation in medical staff caring for patients isolated due to SARS-CoV-2 in the ICU. The presence of subjective symptoms such as fatigue may be due to lack of adequate hydration. View Full-Text
Keywords: masks; pulmonary ventilation; SARS-CoV-2; ICU; human hydration masks; pulmonary ventilation; SARS-CoV-2; ICU; human hydration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mędrzycka-Dąbrowska, W.; Ślęzak, D.; Robakowska, M.; Żuratyński, P.; Krzyżanowski, K.; Małecka-Dubiela, A.; Dąbrowski, S.; Zorena, K.; Lewandowska, K.; Ozga, D.; Chmielarz, K.; Buca, P.; Tomaszek, L. Evaluation of Capillary Blood Gases in Medical Personnel Caring for Patients Isolated Due to SARS-CoV-2 in Intensive Care Units before and after Using Enhanced Filtration Masks: A Prospective Cohort Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9425. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189425

AMA Style

Mędrzycka-Dąbrowska W, Ślęzak D, Robakowska M, Żuratyński P, Krzyżanowski K, Małecka-Dubiela A, Dąbrowski S, Zorena K, Lewandowska K, Ozga D, Chmielarz K, Buca P, Tomaszek L. Evaluation of Capillary Blood Gases in Medical Personnel Caring for Patients Isolated Due to SARS-CoV-2 in Intensive Care Units before and after Using Enhanced Filtration Masks: A Prospective Cohort Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9425. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189425

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mędrzycka-Dąbrowska, Wioletta, Daniel Ślęzak, Marlena Robakowska, Przemysław Żuratyński, Kamil Krzyżanowski, Anna Małecka-Dubiela, Sebastian Dąbrowski, Katarzyna Zorena, Katarzyna Lewandowska, Dorota Ozga, Karina Chmielarz, Paulina Buca, and Lucyna Tomaszek. 2021. "Evaluation of Capillary Blood Gases in Medical Personnel Caring for Patients Isolated Due to SARS-CoV-2 in Intensive Care Units before and after Using Enhanced Filtration Masks: A Prospective Cohort Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9425. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189425

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